Palacio de la Conquista
Also called the Mansion of the Marquess of la Conquista, this palace was built in the 16th century by order of Hernando Pizarro, the brother of Francisco Pizarro, and his wife-niece Francisca Pizarro Yupanqui. The palace, of Renaissance design, was rebuilt during the 18th century and its elaborate facades were designed by the son and protégé of the famous Plateresque artist Churriguera who designed such buildings as the Cathedral Nueva in Salamanca. The palace has a corner balcony, the sign of great wealth, and around this are carved a great many representations commemorating the conquering of Peru. The busts of Francisco Pizarro, his wife the princess Inés Haylas Yupanqui, Hernando Pizarro, and Francisca PizarroYupanqui are all included in this celebration of this conquest. (Bissell, page 15)
The Count of Canilleros, a historian decended from the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, tells us that on these grounds Captain Gonzalo Pizarro, the father of the conquistador, had his home. After their adrventures in America, Francisco's brother, Hernando, returned to Trujillo and constructed a luxurious palace on the land where his fater had once lived. The building has sturdy wrought-iron gates on the three upper stories. (Lancia Publications, page 21)
Over the corner balcony is the coat-of-arms granted to the Great Marquis (Pizzaro) by the Emperor Charles V, in recognition of his conquest of Peru. "On a silver field, a king in carnation, bound by two golden chains, flanked by two trunks, on which the king lays his hands. The image bordered in azure(blue) and loaded with seven monarchs in carnation bound by a golden chain. It is divided into three parts. In the first section, on a silver background, a sable(black) eagle crowned with gold, embracing two silver columns, joined by a silver banner that reads PLUS ULTRA in sable lettering. In azure, a city (Túmbez); in silver, a lion and a tiger standing on their hind legs; and on waves of azure and silver, two ships with drawn sails. A double border contains a vert(green) background with eight silver sheep, and around that, a silver banner with sable lettering which reads Carol Caesaris auspitio et labore ingenio ac impensa ducis Pizarro inventa et pacata. In the second section, a silver lion with a golden crown held by a golden chain holds a golden F between its front paws, and around it a silver banner with the lettering Indefesso labore meo. Fidem pro oculis habens tot comparavi divitas. The third section has a azure border with seven golden griffins bound with a gold chain. Each griffin holds an azure banner. The coat-of-arms is crested with a helmet in gold and azure. Parting from the helmet is a demi-lion in gold weilding an unsheathed sword dripping in blood. Above the lion is a crown, which marks the emblem as that of a marquis. Over everything is a smaller coat of arms bearing the emblem of the Pizarro family (a vert pine tree on silver, with golden fruits, and two sable bears on their hind legs)." (Lancia Publications, page21)
The chimneys are artistic, and the cornice has twelve granite statues. The statues represent young nude musicians playing the oboe, flute, viola, rebeck and the harp. The only one not playing an instrument is seated in a pensive manner. On the side facade of the building are two female figures bearing baskets of fruiton their heads, a jaguar, a figure holding a miror and a woman pouring water from a vessel into a cup which, according to some scholars, is representative of the virtue of temperance, the seed of all other virtues.The figure playing the lute repesents Faith. The stringed instrument refers to harmony.The figure with dates in her basket is Courage. Another fruit-bearing figure represents Honor. Perfidity is shown running a brush through her hair.(Lancia Publications, page22)
The two heads evident to the left in the picture above are two of four busts of the Pizarro family. Francisco, Hernando, Francisca and Franciscos' other child are represented around the corner balcony.