Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo in 1475(?) and died in Lima in 1541. During his illustrious life he was called the "Great Marquis". At a young age he became a soldier and soon earned recognition for his curage, stability and discipline. He was transferred to Santo Domingo, and promoted to the rank of captain. From Santo Domingo, in 1509, he set out to explore the coasts of Tierra Firme with Alonso Ojeda.(Lancia Publications, page 59)

He was with Vasco Núñez de Balboa when the Pacific Ocean (South Sea) was discovered. Under orders from Pedrarias he was a participant in the conquest of Panama. He settled in Panama and came into contact with Almagro and Luque. He heard of a vast empire, still undiscovered, from an expedition to Andagoya. Although he was already fifty years old he decided to find and conquer this empire.(Lancia Publications, page 59)

Pizarro and Almagro each built a boat and Luque provided 20,000 pesos. Pizarro took one of the boats in 1524 , and traveled through inhospitable lands, but to no avail. On November 10th, 1526 a new agreement was reached and Pizarro again set out with both boats along the west coast of South America. He reached the Esmeraldas River and Gallo Island. (Lancia Publications, page 59)

Pizarro and his companions had great difficulties due to equatorial rainstorms, food shortages and mosquitos. The governor of Panama sent a ship to rescue them from Gallo Island. Pizarro, fueled by the desire for conquest, drew a line on the ground with his sword, and challenged his companions to choose their side: either with him to the end or on the ship to safety. Thirteen men joined Pizarro on his side of the line. They were afterwards known as the "Thirteen Famous Ones". They stayed on the island for another seven months, until another ship brought them supplies to continue.(Lancia Publications, page 59-60)

Pizarro and his Thirteen set out to the south once again. He reached the Guayaquil Gulf and visited the city of Tumbez. Continuing his journey, he came to Santa. Having now seen the Inca Empire himself, he was resoved to make it Spains'. In 1529 the Emperor Charles V authorized Pizarro to attempt the conquest of Peru and granted him the title of General Captain. He came to Trujillo and recruited 200 men, then departed in 1531 to take to Incan Empire.(Lancia Publications, page 60)

 

Upon arrival in Peru, Pizarro founded the city of San Miguel on the banks of the Chira River. With 62 men on horseback and 106 men on foot, he crossed the Sechura desert and the Andes, reaching the Cajamarca Valley and met Atahualpa with his 30,000(?) soldiers. He captured the Inca, then took the most important city in the Empire, Cuzco. The colonization of Peru began shortly after. In 1535 he founded the city of Lima, then Trujillo in honor of his hometown. Pizarro's remains are buried in the Lima cathedral. (Lancia Publications, page 60)