Española Community Report, 2008

Demographics

In 2008, there were 11,885 licensed drivers in Española. Of these, there were 6,191 females and 5,694 males. The population of Española was 2,596. The total number of crashes in 2008 was 598, yielding a crash rate of 230 per thousand people (total number of crashes 598 divided by total population 2,596 times 1,000). The corresponding rate for the state was 23 per thousand people.

General Crash Information

From 1999 to 2008 the number of crashes has shown no trend. Fatal and injury crashes have shown a downward trend from 2004 to 2008. Belt usage (as a percentage) has increased from last year, while belt usage in crashes involving visible and incapacitating injuries has also increased. There were no fatalities in the 7 intersections with the most crashes in 2008. Of these intersections, six involved Riverside Dr.

Alcohol-related Crash Information

Information about alcohol-involved crashes is included in all sections of this report. Of the 73 people convicted of DWI in Española, 75 percent were first-time DWI convictions (number of first convictions 55 divided by the total number of people convicted 73 times 100). The corresponding percent for the state is 68.

Crash Specifics

Crashes involving Other vehicles was the most common class, accounting for 84 percent of all crashes. Crashes involving Overturns and Fixed objects resulted in fatalities. Passenger cars were the vehicle type most often involved in crashes, accounting for 59 percent of all vehicles in crashes. Pickups accounted for 18 percent of vehicles involved in crashes. Together these two vehicle types comprised 79 percent of the vehicles involved in injury crashes. The most common top contributing factors were Following too close, Failing to yield and Driver inattention. There were three fatal crashes in 2008. The top contributing factor for the fatal crashes was Alcohol involvement.

People in Crashes

Overall, males were 55 percent of drivers in crashes. They account for 48 percent of licensed drivers in Española. Five pedestrians were involved in crashes in 2008. In 2008, no 'Teenagers' and two Young Adults were killed in crashes in Española. Statewide 14 percent of alcohol-involved drivers were under 21; in Española 7 percent (2 of 29) were under 21.

Note: The 1999 crash file contains 15% fewer crashes than the 1998 file. This may be due to problems implementing the new system after the old system failed, or to under reporting. Care should be used in interpreting differences between 1999 and other years in this report.


  • Location of arrest/conviction was determined by police agency/court location, not driver residence.
  • Crashes and drivers were counted by the city of occurrence/residence.
  • Population was counted according to the Census definition.
         The city population data is from the most current 2008 estimates.
  • Young adults are people between the ages of 20 and 24.
  • 'Teenagers' are people between the ages of 15 and 19.
  • Tables only include variable values for which there are data.





Crashes in Española
by Alcohol Involvement
Fatal and Injury Crashes in Española
by Alcohol Involvement
   




Passenger Vehicle Seatbelt Usage and Injuries in Espanola, 2008 - 2006
Injury Level 2008 2007 2006
Total No Belt Total No Belt Total No Belt
 Killed 2        0        0        0        1        0       
 Incapacitating injury 5        0        8        0        9        1       
 Visible injury 10        0        23        2        27        0       
 Complaint of injury 242        0        258        2        294        1       
 Unhurt 1,118        5        1,277        4        1,213        1       
 Total 1,377        5        1,566        8        1,544        3       


The Seven Intersections in Espanola with the Most Crashes, 2008
Intersection Crashes People
Total Fatal Injury Killed Injured
Chamisa St @ Riverside Dr 10         0         5         0         7        
Fairview Ln @ Riverside Dr 64         0         17         0         29        
La Joya St @ Riverside Dr 14         0         5         0         5        
Lowdermilk Ln @ Riverside Dr 21         0         8         0         11        
NM 584 @ Onate St 10         0         3         0         3        
Riverside Dr @ Santa Cruz Rd 24         0         5         0         5        
Riverside Dr @ Valley Dr 19         0         5         0         6        

Lifetime DWI convictions for Drivers
Convicted of DWI Violations in Espanola, 2008
Convictions Since 2004 Since 1984
 1st   55             44          
 2nd   14             12          
 3rd   3             9          
 4th   1             4          
 5th   0             2          
 6th   0             1          
 7th   0             1          
 8th   0             0          
 9th   0             0          
 10 or more   0             0          
 Total   73             73          
   Convictions are counts of people
convicted of DWI by 7/2009 for
violations in 2008 in Espanola.
Convictions are not comparable
to arrests.


DWI Arrests in Española
Showing First Arrest and Repeat Offenders
Crashes in Española
by Hour and Alcohol Involvement
   


Crashes in Espanola by Class, 2008
Classes Crashes People
Total % of Total Fatal % of Fatal Injury Killed Injured
Other vehicle 502       84         0       0         155       0       248      
Pedestrian 5       1         0       0         4       0       4      
Fixed object 55       9         1       33         11       1       13      
Veh. on other roadway 2       0         0       0         1       0       2      
Parked vehicle 17       3         0       0         1       0       1      
Overturn 8       1         2       67         3       2       3      
Other non-collision 4       1         0       0         1       0       1      
Animal 1       0         0       0         0       0       0      
Other object 4       1         0       0         0       0       0      
Total 598       100         3       100         176       3       272      

Crashes in Espanola by Vehicle Type, 2008
Vehicle Type Crashes People
Total % of Total Fatal % of Fatal Injury Killed Injured
Passenger car 697       59         2       67         224       2       191      
Pickup 213       18         0       0         59       0       37      
Semi 8       1         0       0         2       0       0      
Bus 4       0         0       0         2       0       1      
Motorcycle 10       1         1       33         6       1       7      
Pedestrian 5       0         0       0         4       0       4      
Van/4 WD 136       12         0       0         42       0       31      
Other 19       2         0       0         3       0       1      
Unknown 80       7         0       0         16       0       0      
Total 1,172       100         3       100         358       3       272      


Crashes in Espanola by Top Contributing Factor, 2008
Contributing Factor Crashes People
Total % of Total Fatal % of Fatal Injury Killed Injured
Alcohol involvement 45       8         3       100         14       3       26      
Red light running 21       4         0       0         10       0       17      
Failing to yield 112       19         0       0         37       0       57      
Excessive speed 45       8         0       0         15       0       27      
Driving left of center 9       2         0       0         4       0       4      
Following too close 194       32         0       0         62       0       97      
Improper turning 14       2         0       0         3       0       4      
Improper overtaking 8       1         0       0         3       0       3      
Inop. traffic control 1       0         0       0         0       0       0      
Mechanical defect 3       1         0       0         1       0       1      
Driver inattention 107       18         0       0         21       0       27      
Improper driving 3       1         0       0         0       0       0      
Other 36       6         0       0         6       0       9      
Total 598       100         3       100         176       3       272      




People in Crashes by Age and Sex in Española, 2008


People in Alcohol-Involved Crashes by Age and Sex in Española, 2008




Drivers in Crashes by Age and Sex in Española, 2008


Drivers in Alcohol-Involved Crashes by Age and Sex in Española, 2008



Pedestrians in Crashes in Española
by Pedestrian Alcohol Involvement
Pedestrians in Crashes in Española
by Age Group
   


"Teenagers" and Young Adults in Crashes in Espanola by Vehicle Type, 2008
Vehicle "Teenage" Drivers   Young Adult Drivers
Total Fatal Injury   Total Fatal Injury
Passenger car 102         0         34           110         2         30        
Pickup 21         0         5           31         0         10        
Semi 0         0         0           1         0         0        
Motorcycle 1         0         1           1         0         1        
Pedestrian 0         0         0           1         0         0        
Van/4 WD 13         0         7           12         0         1        
Other 2         0         0           3         0         0        
Unknown 0         0         0           2         0         1        
Total 139         0         47           161         2         43        


"Teenagers" and Young Adults Killed or Injured in Crashes
by Year in Espanola, 1999-2008
Year "Teenagers"   Young Adults
All Crashes Alcohol Crashes   All Crashes Alcohol Crashes
Killed Injured Killed Injured   Killed Injured Killed Injured
2008 0       33       0       2         2       31       2       1      
2007 0       48       0       10         1       49       1       11      
2006 0       55       0       6         0       34       0       7      
2005 0       70       0       3         0       43       0       6      
2004 0       65       0       11         0       50       0       13      
2003 0       106       0       18         0       60       0       13      
2002 0       93       0       13         1       57       1       7      
2001 0       96       0       13         0       56       0       14      
2000 1       80       0       15         2       57       0       10      
1999 1       65       1       7         0       53       0       9