IN SEARCH OF JUAN DE ONATE: CONFESSIONS OF A CRYPTOESSENTIALIST
William A. Douglass
In recent years the combination of deconstructionism within their discipline and challenge of an ascendant cultural studies movement from without have prompted anthropologists to question their key concept-culture. This present article discusses the multiple identities of Juan de Onate, sixteenth-century founder of Hispanic Nuevo Mexico, and particularly his "Basqueness," as ploys for reviewing the "anti-essentialist" rhetoric of the cultural debates. I argue that there is increasing convergence between anthropology and cultural studies, on the one hand, and that anthropology is regaining its confidence in the utility of the culture concept, on the other. I further conclude that some modicum of essentialism is inherent in (i.e., essential to) both the anthropological and cultural studies projects.
MYSTIFICATION OF THE MIKEA: CONSTRUCTIONS OF FORAGING IDENTITY IN SOUTHWEST MADAGASCAR
Lin Poyer and Robert L. Kelly
Cultural identity is shaped by local understandings of sameness and difference, understandings that are affected by local, regional, and global socioeconomic patterns. The cultural identity of foragers in particular is also significantly shaped by the meanings attached to a foraging lifestyle by local, regional, and international entities. This article examines the situation of the Mikea, horticulturalists/foragers of southwestern Madagascar. Mikea identity is flexible and complex, linked to living in the forest and using forest resources; foraging and maize horticulture connect Mikea with local, regional, and global economies. Being Mikea also entails managing connotations of "primitivism" and the social and economic consequences of government, researcher, missionary, and tourist interest in hunter-gatherers.
STONE TOOLS IN CARNIVORE SITES: THE CASE OF BOIS ROCHE
The repetitive co-occurrence of small numbers of lithic artifacts and large quantities of animal bones bearing traces of carnivore action at several caves in Europe has been recently interpreted to mean that Neandertals and earlier hominids scavenged carcasses that had fallen into karstic cavities or been brought into a den by carnivores. Hypotheses of scavenging by European hominids have been tested using zooarchaeological methods. However, not enough attention has been paid to the usefulness of lithic analysis procedures, such as edge damage and studies of reduction sequences, to check the nature of the stone and bone associations before interpreting them in behavioral terms. At the site of Bois Roche, an Upper Pleistocene hyena den with a small number of artifacts, we show that bones and stones have accumulated independently and that lithics have been introduced by natural transport processes, such as gravity and slope wash. Analytical procedures like ours should be used to test for redeposition before accepting a hypothesis of human scavenging from karstic cavities.
CORRUGATED POTTERY, TECHNOLOGICAL STYLE, AND POPULATION MOVEMENT IN THE MIMBRES REGION OF THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST
Margaret C. Nelson
Mark J. Ennes
An understanding of small-scale population movements is essential to recent research on migration. Consideration of the technological style (processes of manufacture) of pottery, in conjunction with petrographic sourcing analyses, provides means of identifying and interpreting population movements at various scales. Diverse styles characterizes Postclassic Mimbres (A.D. 1150-early 1200s) regional reorganization in southwest New Mexico. One new style, indented corrugated pottery, is similar to northern types. Postclassic assemblages include both roughly and finely made examples, both locally produced The finely executed vessels were made by migrants from the north and possibly by local potters who learned the northern techniques. The roughly made vessels were produced by local potters who copied the technique. The rough and fine vessels are found in the same contexts, suggesting no spatial or temporal differentiation. Thus in-migration to the eastern Mimbres area involved individuals or small groups who joined a preexisting network, possibly through intermarriage.
Archaeological Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Humans: A View from the Levant. Daniel Kaufman.Westport, Conn.: Bergin and Garvey, 1999,152 pp. $65.00, cloth.
The Conquest of the Last Maya Kingdom.Grant D. Jones.Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998, xxvii + 568 pp., notes, maps, tables, index. $69.50, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Maya Conquistador. Matthew Restall. Boston: Beacon Press, 1998, 254 pp. $18.00, paper.
Basketry and Cordage from Hesquiat Harbour. Kathryn Bernick Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum, 1998, viii + 152 pp., tables, figures, references, index. $14.95, paper.
Basket Weavers for the California Curio Trade: Elizabeth and Louise Hickox. Marvin Cohodas . Tucson: University of Arizona Press and The Southwest Museum, 1997, xvii + 362 pp., figures, plates, references, index. $39.95, cloth.
Newberry Crater: A Ten-Thousand-Year Record of Human Occupation and Environmental Change in the Basin-Plateau Borderlands. Thomas J. Connolly. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Anthropological Papers 121, 1999, 304 pp., 129 illustrations. $34.50, paper.
Clovis Revisited: New Perspectives on Paleoindian Adaptations from Blackwater Draw, New Mexico. Anthony T. Boldurian and John L. Cotter. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum, 1999, xx + 145 pp. $40.00, cloth; $25.00, paper.
Mimbres during the Twelfth Century: Abandonment, Continuity, and Reorganization Margaret C. Nelson. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1999, xiii + 236 pp. $35.00, cloth.
Peoples of the Northwest Coast: Their Archaeology and Prehistory. . Kenneth M. Ames and Herbert D. G. Maschner. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999,288 pp., 173 illustrations. $45.00, cloth.
Hanamiai: Prehistoric Colonization and Cultural Change in the Marquesas Islands (East Polynesia). Barry Vladimir Rolett. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Publications in Anthropology, 1998, 277 pp. $25.00, paper.
Ancient Earthen Enclosures of the Eastern Woodlands. Robert C Mainfort, Jr., and Lynne P. Sullivan. eds. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1998, 268 pp. $49.95, cloth.
The View from Madisonville: Protohistoric Western Fort Ancient Interaction Patterns. Penelope Ballard Drooker. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, Museum of Anthropology, Memoir 31, 1997, xix + 390 pp., 186 figures, 71 tables, references cited, index. $28.00, paper.
The Archaeology of Household Activities. Penelope M. Allison. . New York: Routledge, 1999, 206 pp. $29.99, paper; $100.00, cloth.
Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism. . Mark P. Leone and Parker B. Potter Jr., eds. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 1999, 248 pp. $37.50, paper.
States and Illegal Practices. Josiah McC. Heyman. ed. Oxford and New York:
Berg Publishers, 1999, 325 pp., $65.00, cloth; $22.50, paper.
The Multicultural Riddle: Rethinking National, Ethnic, and Religious Identities. Gerd Baumann. New York: Routledge, 1999,177 pp. $65.00, cloth; $18.95, paper.
The Social Life of Stories: Narrative and Knowledge in the Yukon Territory. Julie Cruikshank. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998, xxviii + 211 pp., 14 illustrations. $45.00, cloth..
The Gift of Life: Female Spirituality and Healing in Northern Peru. Bonnie Glass-Coffin. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998,246 pp., 17 illustrations, 1 map. $15.95, paper; $50.00, cloth..
Informal Politics: Street Vendors and the State in Mexico City. John C Cross. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998, 271 pp. $49.50, cloth; $18.95, paper.
Cross-Cultural Filmmaking. A Handbook for Making Documentary and Ethnographic Films and Videos. Ilisa Barbash and Lucien Taylor. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997, 555 pp., 56 halftones, 24 figures. $65.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
The Lakota Ritual of the Sweat Lodge: History and Contemporary Practice. Raymond A. Bucko. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999, 347 pp., 2 photographs. $14.95, paper.
Kindreds of the Earth: Badaga Household Structure and Demography. Paul
. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Altamira Press, 1999, 302 pp. $32.95, cloth.
Cambridge and the Torres Strait: Centenary Essays on the 1898 Anthropological Expedition. Anita Herle and Sandra Rouse. eds. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1998, xv + 252 pp., 70 halftones. $74.95, cloth.
Carnival and Culture: Sex, Symbol and Status in Spain. David D. Gilmore. . New
Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1998, xi + 244 pp. $30.00, cloth.
German Unification and the Jurists of East Germany: An Anthropology of Law, Nation and History. Howard J. De Nike. . M6nchengladbach, Ger.: Forum Verlag Godesberg, 1997, 233 pp. No price given.