JOURNAL of ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Sinaloa, Kiowa, Sarawak, Inka, and Congo: 
A JAR Cultural Odyssey

Volume 57, Number 2, Abstracts

JAR HomePage
Online Index
Article Abstracts
Upcoming Articles
Manuscript Information
Subscription Information
JAR Distinguished Lectures


LOCAL-LEVEL RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL
DEGRADATION IN NORTHWESTERN MEXICO

Maria L. Cruz-Torres
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0418

Environmental degradation in Mexico has had many forms and levels of intensity.  An analysis of the
sources of environmental degradation in coastal northwestern Mexico reveals that current neoliberal
policies, which continue to support the production of agricultural and fishing commodities for export,
are potentially responsible for this degradation.  A focus on two rural communities in coastal southern
Sinaloa demonstrates that households, and particularly the women within them, have developed
creative mechanisms to cope on a daily basis with the poverty that has resulted from economic crises
and the degradation of the surrounding area.


FROM "READING OVER THE SHOULDERS OF
NATIVES" TO "READING ALONGSIDE NATIVES,"
LITERALLY: TOWARD A COLLABORATIVE AND
RECIPROCAL ETHNOGRAPHY

Luke Eric Lassiter
Department of Anthropology, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306

In the last several decades, the metaphor of dialogue has influenced the work of a growing number of ethnographers.  Many have taken to heart the critiques of those such as Clifford, Rosaldo, and
Crapanzano and accordingly replaced "reading over the shoulder of natives" with "reading alongside
natives."  They have thus sought to develop ethnography along dialogical lines and have in their
individual accounts shifted the dominant style of writing from authoritative monologue to involved
dialogue between ethnographer and interlocutor.  Few ethnographers, however, have sought to
literally extend the metaphor of dialogue to its next logical step -- the collaborative reading and
interpretation (between the ethnographer and his or her "informants") of the very ethnographic text
itself.  In this article I explore the political and ethical implications of a collaborative and reciprocal
ethnography, especially how a collaborative practice can further narrow the gap between the
academy and the communities in which ethnographers work.


BIDAYUH HOUSEWIVES IN A CHANGING WORLD
(SARAWAK, MALAYSIA)

Hew Cheng Sim
Faculty of Social Sciences, University Malaysia Sarawak,
94300 Kota Samarahana, Sarawak, Malaysia

This article is based on a larger ethnographic study of Bidayuh women, a group of minority
indigenous women in the Malaysian state of Sarawak.  The women interviewed were first-generation
wage workers who had migrated from villages to the capital city of Kuching for work in the personal
services sector.  This article focuses on women who have since withdrawn from the labor market as
a result of marriage and children.  It discusses why the women left the workforce and asks whether it
was a consequence of adopting the old Western bourgeois family ideal of male breadwinner and
female housewife.  The experiences of this new generation of urban housewives are also explored
and juxtaposed with the experiences of women of their mothers' generation in the rural farming
economy.


INKA CONICAL CLAN

 David Jenkins
Bureau of Applied Research in Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

The structure of the Inka ayllu has long been a subject of historical and anthropological investigation.
In a relatively neglected work, Paul Kirchhoff describes the ayllu as a conical clan.  My purpose is to
show that the recently introduced graph theoretic model of the conical clan, called a "depth first
search tree," clarifies the underlying structure of Inka kinship relations, in particular the elements of
Inka kinship concerned with the ranking of ayllu members.  An explicit formal model of the Inka
conical clan, in turn, provides the basis for a comparative study of kinship systems of social groups
subject to Inka rule.


ACROSS THE FOREST AND SAVANNAS: LATER
STONE AGE ASSEMBLAGES FROM ITURI AND
SEMLIKI, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Julio Mercador and Alison Brooks
Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. 20052

This article characterizes Later Stone Age quartz industries from several sites in the rainforests and
woodland-savanna mosaics of the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, with an emphasis on
various reduction strategies that include simple debitage, bipolar percussion, discoidal centripetal
percussion, Modes 4 and 5, pebble tools, flaws propagation, and formal tools.  Comparisons
between forest and woodland-savanna sites establish strong similarities among them over time,
determine deliberate cultural choices as to raw material selection and overall reduction strategies,
provide further evidence for an early inception of the Later Stone Age across tropical Africa, and
show that ecologically distinct or highly specialized extractive technologies were not required to settle
rainforests.



BOOK REVIEWS

Life among the Yanomami: The Story of Change among the Xilixana on the Mucajai River in Brazil.  John F. Peters. Petersborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 1998, 148 pp. $15.95, paper.
and
The Xilixana Yanomami of the Amazon: History, Social Structure and Population Dynamics.  John D. Early and John F. Peters. Gainsville: University Press of Florida, 2000, 323 pp. $49.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Kim Hill, University of New Mexico

Shaping Society through Dance: Mestizo Performance in the Peruvian Andes. Zoila S. Mendoza.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, 264 pp., 32 halftones, 1 map, 1 CD. $29.00, paper; $54.00, cloth; $50.00, video.
Reviewed by Jill D. Sweet, Skidmore College

Native American Art: The Collections of the Ethnological Museum Berlin. Peter Bolz and Hans-Ulrich Sanner. Berlin: Staaliche Museen zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz, 1999, 240 pp.  No price given.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000, 240 pp. $40.00, paper.
Reviewed by Joyce M. Szabo, University of New Mexico.

The Seam Line: Arab Workers and Jewish Managers in the Israeli Textile Industry. Israel Drori.  Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000, vi + 278 pp. $18.95, paper; $49.50, cloth.
Reviewed by E. Paul Durrenberger, Pennsylvania State University

Leadership Strategies, Economic Activity, and Interregional Interaction: Social Complexity in Northeast China.  Gideon Shelach.  New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 1999, xii + 280 pp., maps, illustrations. $69.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Yun Kuen Lee, Harvard University

Culture in Practice: Selected Essays. Marshall Sahlins.  New York: Zone Books, 2000, 646 pp. $35.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Philip K. Bock, University of New Mexico

Anthropological Theory Today.  Henrietta L. Moore, ed. Cambridge, Eng.: Polity Press, 1999, 304 pp. $28.95, paper; $62.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Herbert S, Lewis, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The Historical Archaeology of Buenos Aires: A City at the End of the World. Daniel Schavelzon. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2000, 187 pp. $72.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Nan A. Rothschild, Barnard College, Columbia University

Archaeology and the Social History of Ships. Richard A. Gould. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 360 pp.  $29.95, paper; $74.95, cloth..
Reviewed by George F. Bass, Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Texas A & M University

On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact. Patrick Vinton Kirch. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000, 446 pp., 162 figures, 15 maps, 13 tables.  $45.00, cloth.
Reviewed by John Edward Terrell, Field Museum of Natural History

The Daily Life of the Greek Gods. Giulia Sissa and Marcel Detienne, trans. by Janet Lloyd. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000, 287 pp. $17.95, paper; $49.50,cloth.
Reviewed by Monica S. Cyrino, University of New Mexico

Social Transformations in Archaeology: Global and Local Perspectives.  Kristian Kristainsen and Michael Rowlands. New York: Routledge, 1998, 438 pp.  $110.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Katina Lillios: Ripon College

Applying Evolutionary Archaeology: A Systematic Approach.  Michael J. O'Brien and R. Lee Lyman.  New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2000, 471 pp.  $125.00, cloth; $49.50, paper.
Reviewed by Janet Rafferty, Mississippi State University

Pottery and Chronology at Angel.  Sherri L. Hilgeman.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2000, 312 pp., 137 illustrations.  $29.95, paper.
Reviewed by James A. Brown, Northwestern University

Sedentism and Mobility in a Social Landscape: Mesa Verde and Beyond.  Mard D. Varien.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1999, 296 pp., 35 illustrations.  $40.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Thomas Rocek, University of Delaware

The Breakout: The Origins of Civilization.  Martha Lamberg-Karlovsky, ed.  Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Publications, 2000, 131 pp. $25.00, paper.
Reviewed by Garth Bawden, University of New Mexico

The Archaeology Education Handbook: Sharing the Past with Kids.  Karolyn Smardz and Shelley J. Smith, eds.  Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2000, 448 pp.  $34.95, paper.
Reviewed by Patricia C. Rice, West Virginia University

Folsom Lithic Technology: Explorations in Structure and Variation. Daniel S. Amick, ed.  Ann Arbor, Mich.: International Monographs in Prehistory, Archaeological Series 12, 1999, 213 pp.  $35.00, paper; $65.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Bruce B. Huckell, University of New Mexico

Aurignacian Lithic Economy: Ecological Perspectives from Southwestern France.  Brooke S. Blades. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2000, xviii + 208 pp. $57.50, cloth.
Reviewed by Lawrence Guy Straus, University of New Mexico

Paleolithic Living Sites in Upper and Middle Egypt.  Pierre M. Vermeersch, ed. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press, 2000, 330 pp. 1250 Belgian francs/30.09 euros, paper.
Reviewed by Lawrence Guy Straus, University of New Mexico


UNM's Home Page

Department of Anthropology Home Page