Kim Hill and Hilliard Kaplan
This article presents quantitative descriptions of food distributions among a group of forager-horticulturalists, the Ache of Paraguay. Food transfer patterns for Ache during periods of nomadic foraging are compared with those of Ache living a horticulture-based existence at a permanent settlement. We further explore how characteristics of resources and the methods of production, group size, and the spatial landscape can influence the kinds of social arrangements found among the Ache. The results of these analyses are used to generate general predictions regarding food sharing and cooperation among other foraging and transitional horticultural populations.
Ann F. Ramenofsky
James K. Feathers
Scholars have long debated the timing of final native abandonment of the Lower Rio Chama region of northern New Mexico. Traditional estimates of abandonment, based on ceramic styles, tree-ring dates, and documentary dates, range from A.D. 1550 to 1650. Although reasonably exact for many archaeological problems, this level of temporal resolution is insufficient in this case, given the rapid changes that occurred with Spanish colonization and settlement. The concepts of validity and reliability are employed to evaluate estimates of abandonment and to show the interdependence of dates. We use luminescence dating of surface ceramics as a second means of evaluation, comparing the luminescence dates to the tree-ring cross-dates. Although substantially agreeing with the dendrochronological dates, the luminescence dates suggest some occupation of the area until the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. The timing of the final exodus is not resolved, but this discussion illuminates weaknesses in accepted dates, redefines the issue, and identifies a productive method for achieving the level of resolution desired.
On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction. Peter
T. Ellison. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univesity Press, 2001, 358 pp.
Wake the Town and Tell the People: Dancehall Culture in Jamaica.Norman
C. Stolzoff. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2000, 298 pp.
$59.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Going Native. Tom Harmer. Albuquerque: University of New
Mexico Press, 2001, 283 pp. $24.95, cloth.
American Muse: Anthropological Excursions into Art and Aesthetics.
Richard L. Anderson. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall,
2000, 235 pp. $29.20, paper.
Souvenirs of the Fur Trade: Northwest Coast Indian Art and Artifacts
Collected by American Mariners, 1788-1844. Mary Malloy.
Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, 2000, 188
pp., 39 figures, 13 plates. $35.00, paper.
Indigenous Archaeology: American Indian Values and Scientific Practice.
Watkins. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2001, 234 pp.
$23.95, paper; $62.00, cloth.
Social Patterns in Pre-Classic Mesoamerica. David C.
Grove and Rosemary A. Joyce, eds. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton
Oaks, 1999, 336 pp. $25.00, cloth.
Las plantas de la milpa entre los Mayas [Cornfield Plants among the
Maya]. Silvia Terán, Christian H. Rasmussen, and Olivio
May Cauich. Mexico City: Fundación Tun Ben Kin, A.C., 1998.
No price given.
War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds: Asia, the Mediterranean,
Europe, and Mesoamerica. Kurt Raaflaub and Nathan Rosenstein, eds.
Washington, D.C.: Center for Hellenistic Studies, Trustees for Harvard
University, 1999, viii + 484 pp. $50.00, cloth.
The Atlantic Celts: Ancient People of Modern Invention?
James. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999, 160 pp. $14.95,
Earth Science and Archaeology. P. Goldberg, V.T. Holliday,
and C.R. Ferring, eds. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers,
2001, xxi + 513 pp. $120.00, cloth.