JOURNAL of 
ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

JAR Distinguished Lecture: Jane Hill on
Linguistic Prehistory of the U.S. Southwest
plus a Neanderthal Revolution
and a South Seas Duo

Volume 58, Number 4, Abstracts

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JAR Distinguished Lectures

TOWARD A LINGUISTIC PREHISTORY OF THE SOUTHWEST: "AZTECO-TANOAN" AND THE ARRIVAL OF MAIZE CULTIVATION

Jane Hill
Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

Advances in research on the prehistory of the Southwest provide new opportunities for linguists.  This survey of major questions about the prehistory of the Southwestern language families focuses on the earliest period of transition between hunting and collecting and cultivation, suggesting that the radiations of the major families in the region date to this era.  A case study of the relationships between Uto-Aztecan and Kiowa-Tanoan suggests an episode of contact between Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan and Proto-Kiowa-Tanoan, documented in a suite of ten loan words between the two proto-language communities.  Such contact, perhaps about three thousand years ago, could have explained the spread of maize agriculture from Mexico into parts of the U.S. Southwest, one of the most significant problems in the prehistory of the latter region.


REDATING THE SOCIAL REVOLUTION: THE CASE FOR THE MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC 

Daniel Kaufman
Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel 31905

The origins of modern human culture are generally thought to be found at the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic.  The shift to modern behavioral repertoires has often been described as a social revolution linked to the appearance of language.  An examination of the archaeological correlates of modern culture reveals that characteristics thought to be restricted to the Upper Paleolithic are fully applicable to the Middle Paleolithic.  I conclude that the revolution occurred well within the Middle Paleolithic and that its associated hominids were no less modern than those of the period following.


MYTH, CULTURAL IDENTITY, AND ETHNOPOLITICS: SAMOA AND THE TONGAN "EMPIRE"

Jeannette Mageo
Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4910

This article argues that cultural identity models not only are models of a group- a kind of group self-image- but also predicate models for a shared political way of being in the world, that is, for a political praxis.  I present a processual form of structural analysis for mapping the meaning transformations through which people think about cultural identity in myth.  Cultural identity is conceived in contrast and comparison to other cultures; therefore, myths render intercultural relations from a local viewpoint and are useful in constructing an interactive perspective on regional history.  These ideas are presented via Samoan myths that were told to Western scribes during the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries, when Samoans were resisting foreign colonials and developing a new sense of cultural identity.  They concern a central puzzle of Polynesian prehistory- the nature of the so-called Tongan empire.



THE MORAL LIFE OF TREES: PASTORAL FARMING AND PRODUCTION FORESTRY IN NORTHERN NEW ZEALAND

Julie Park and Kathryn Scott
Department of Anthropology and School of Geography and Environmental Science,
University of Auckland, PO Box 92019, Auckland, New Zealand 

Chris Cocklin
Monash Environment Institute, PO Box 11A, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia

Peter Davis
Research Office, Green Party, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand

For the first time in the history of production forestry in northern New Zealand, forests are being planted on "good farmland."  In this article we analyze conflicting narratives of sustainability in relation to this change, using concepts from Žižek (1993, 1997) and Hage (1998).  We argue that forestry presents a threat to the identity of pastoral farmers as the backbone of the country, to their enjoyment of community, and to their sense of themselves as national managers and, further, that pastoral farmers can symbolize Pakeha (white New Zealanders).  This threat is exacerbated because the recent growth in forestry includes considerable Maori involvement and coincides with Maori return to rural tribal lands.  In addition, the multinational nature of forestry calls the bounded nation itself into question.  Our evidence is drawn from ethnographic and other research in the late 1990s.


BOOK REVIEWS

Chimpanzee and Red Colobus: The Ecology of Predator and Prey.  Craig B. Stanford, with foreword by Richard Wrangham. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001, 296 pp., 25 halftones, 58 illustrations, 37 tables. $20.00, paper.
Reviewed by Jill D. Pruetz, Iowa State University

Signs of Life: How Complexity Pervades Biology.  Ricard Solé and Brian Goodwin.  New York: Basic Books, 2000, 322 pp.  $30.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Lyle W. Konigsberg, University of Tennessee

Biology, Brains and Behavior.  S.T. Parker, J. Langer, and M.L. McKinney, eds.  Santa Fe: School of American Research Press, 2000, 386 pp.  $60.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Anne Weaver, University of New Mexico

Human Skeletal Anatomy: Laboratory Manual and Workbook. Scott I. Fairgrieve and Tracy S. Oost.  Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, 1999, 188 pp. $32.95, paper (spiral).
Reviewed by Lane Anderson Beck, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona

Archaeology at the Millennium: A Sourcebook.  Gary M. Feinman and T. Douglas Price, eds.  New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2001, 508 pp. $85.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Lewis R. Binford, Southern Methodist University

Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past.  Victor Buchli and Gavin Lucas, eds.  New York: Routledge, 2001, 192 pp. $85.00, cloth; $27.95, paper.
Reviewed by Cheryl Claassen, Appalachian State University

The Future of the Past: Archaeologists, Native Americans, and Repatriation.  Tamara L. Bray, ed. New York: Garland Publishing, 2001, xiii + 252 pp.  $75.00, cloth.
Reviewed by K. Anne Pyburn, Indiana University

From Leaders to Rulers.  Jonathan Haas, ed.  New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2001, 286 pp. $80.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Norman Yoffee, University of Michigan

Sticks, Stones, and Shadows: Building the Egyptian Pyramids. Martin Isler.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001, 239 pp. $29.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Anthony Aveni, Colgate University

Greece before History: An Archaeological Companion and Guide.  Curtis Runnels and Priscilla M. Murray.  Port Chester, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 201 pp. $45.00, cloth; $17.95, paper.
Reviewed by Geoff Bailey, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia: An Essay in Historical Anthropology. Patrick Vinton Kirch and Roger C. Green.  Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 375 pp. $74.95, cloth; $27.95, paper.
Reviewed by Adrienne L. Kaeppler, Smithsonian Institution

Gender and the Archaeology of Death.  Bettina Arnold and Nancy L. Wicker, eds. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2001, 198 pp. $65.00, cloth; $26.95, paper.
Reviewed by Douglas K. Charles, Wesleyan University

Empire and Domestic Economy.  Terence N. D'Altroy, Christine A. Hastorf, and Associates.  New York: Plenum Publishers, 2001, 375 pp. $79.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Katharina Schreiber, California at Santa Barbara

Early Pithouse Villages of the Mimbres Valley and Beyond: The McAnally and Thompson Sites in Their Cultural and Ecological Contexts.  Michael W. Diehl and Steven A. LeBlanc.  Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum Press, 2001, 160 pp.  $30.00, paper.
Reviewed by Patricia A. Gilman, University of Oklahoma

Anasazi America: Seventeen Centuries on the Road from Center Place. David E. Stuart.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000, 249 pp., 42 halftones, 4 maps.  $29.95, cloth; $15.95, paper.
Reviewed by Ruth M. Van Dyke, Colorado College

Homol'ovi III: A Pueblo Hamlet in the Middle Little Colorado River Valley.  E. Charles Adams, ed.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2001, 400 pp., 50 illustrations.  $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Kathryn A. Kamp, Grinnell College

Invisible Genealogies: A History of Americanist Anthropology. Regna Darnell.  Lincoln, Neb.: University of Nebraska Press, 2001, xxvii + 373 pp. $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Herbert S. Lewis, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Inside Organizations: Anthropologists at Work.  David N. Gellner and Eric Hirsch, eds.  Oxford: Berg Publishing, 2001, 256 pp. $68.00, cloth; $23.00, paper.
Reviewed by Marietta L. Baba, Michigan State University

Anthropology with an Attitude: Critical Essays.  Johannes Fabian.  Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001, 256 pp.  $45.00, cloth; $17.95, paper.
Reviewed by Stephen Tyler, Rice University

Reinventing Religions: Syncretism and Transformation in Africa and the Americas.  Sidney M. Greenfield and André Droogers, eds.  Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2001, 270 pp. $65.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Erika Bourguignon, Ohio State University

Remembrance of Repasts: An Anthropology of Food and Memory.  David E. Sutton.  New York: Berg Publishing, 2001, 211 pp. $68.00, cloth; $23.00, paper.
Reviewed by Carole M. Counihan, Millersville University

Changing Chinese Foodways in Asia.  David Y. H. Wu and Tan Chee-beng, eds.  Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2001, 288 pp. $40.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Tianshu Pan, Harvard University

Colonial Histories, Post-Colonial Memories: The Legend of the Kahina, a North African Heroine.  Abdelmajid Hannoum.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing, 2001, 240 pp. $59.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Susan Rasmussen, University of Houston

African Witchcraft and Otherness: A Philosophical and Theological Critique of Intersubjective Relations.  Elias Kifon Bongmba.  Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 2001, xxvii + 224 pp. $20.95, paper.
Reviewed by Misty L. Bastian, Franklin & Marshall College

Poverty in Burkina Faso: Representations and Realities.  Sten Hagberg.  Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala Universitet, 2001, 116 pp. $7.99, paper.
Reviewed by Mary Ellen Zuppan, Binghamton University

Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia.  Karen Tranberg Hansen.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, 298 pp. $22.50, paper.
Reviewed by Marilee Schmit Nason, The Albuquerque Museum

Honour and Violence.  Anton Blok.  Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2001, xii + 358 pp. $28.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Peter Alan, Rhode Island College

Contingent Countryside: Settlement, Economy, and Land Use in the Southern Argolid since 1770.  Susan Buck Sutton, ed. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000, 391 pp. $85.00, cloth. 
Reviewed by Michael Herzfeld, Harvard University

Where the Echo Began and Other Oral Traditions from Southwestern Alaska Recorded by Hans Himmelheber.  Ann Feinup-Riodan, ed. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2000, 224 pp. $39.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Susan W. Fair, The Southwest Center, University of Arizona

Crafts, Capitalism, and Women: The Potters of La Chamba, Colombia.  Ronald J. Duncan.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000, 280 pp., 27 black-and-white photos, 2 illustrations, 3 maps, 10 tables. $59.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Marilee Schmit Nason, The Albuquerque Museum

Religion in the Modern American West.  Ferenc Morton Szasz.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2000, 270 pp. $35.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Caroline Hartse, Olympic College

The Continuum Encyclopedia of Native Art: Worldview, Symbolism and Culture in Africa, Oceania, and Native North America.  Hope Werness.  New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group, Inc., 2000, 500 pp. $50.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Marian Rodee, Museum of Indian Arts and Culture, Santa Fe, N.M.

Native American Representations: First Encounters, Distorted Images, and Literary Appropriations. Gretchen M. Bataille, ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2001, x + 252 pp. $75.00, cloth; $25.00, paper.
Reviewed by Beverly R. Singer, University of New Mexico

Art and Society in a Highland Maya Community: The Altarpiece of Santiago Atitlán.  Allen J. Christenson.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001, 260 pp., 91 black-and-white photos. $55.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Barbara Tedlock, School of American Research, Santa Fe, N.M.

Indigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil. Seth Garfield.  Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2001, 316 pp. $59.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Thomas E. Skidmore, Brown University

Elites: Choice, Leadership, and Succession.  João de Pina-Cabral and Antónia Pedroso de Lima, eds.  New york: Berg Publishers, 2000, 244 pp. $65.00, cloth; $19.50, paper.
Reviewed by Alvin W. Wolfe, University of South Florida

Trails to Tiburón: The 1894 and 1895 Field Diaries of W. J. McGee.  Hazel McFeely Fontana.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2000, 168 pp., 57 historical photographs. $35.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Willow Roberts Powers, School of American Research, Santa Fe, N.M.

Nation Dance: Religion, Identity and Cultural Difference in the Caribbean.  Patrick Taylor, ed.  Bloomington: Indiana University  Press, 2001, 233 pp., 1 black-and-white photo, map. $39.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Kevin Birth, Queens College, CUNY


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