Advances in research on the prehistory of the Southwest provide new opportunities for linguists. This survey of major questions about the prehistory of the Southwestern language families focuses on the earliest period of transition between hunting and collecting and cultivation, suggesting that the radiations of the major families in the region date to this era. A case study of the relationships between Uto-Aztecan and Kiowa-Tanoan suggests an episode of contact between Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan and Proto-Kiowa-Tanoan, documented in a suite of ten loan words between the two proto-language communities. Such contact, perhaps about three thousand years ago, could have explained the spread of maize agriculture from Mexico into parts of the U.S. Southwest, one of the most significant problems in the prehistory of the latter region.
The origins of modern human culture are generally thought to be found at the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic. The shift to modern behavioral repertoires has often been described as a social revolution linked to the appearance of language. An examination of the archaeological correlates of modern culture reveals that characteristics thought to be restricted to the Upper Paleolithic are fully applicable to the Middle Paleolithic. I conclude that the revolution occurred well within the Middle Paleolithic and that its associated hominids were no less modern than those of the period following.
This article argues that cultural identity models not only are models of a group- a kind of group self-image- but also predicate models for a shared political way of being in the world, that is, for a political praxis. I present a processual form of structural analysis for mapping the meaning transformations through which people think about cultural identity in myth. Cultural identity is conceived in contrast and comparison to other cultures; therefore, myths render intercultural relations from a local viewpoint and are useful in constructing an interactive perspective on regional history. These ideas are presented via Samoan myths that were told to Western scribes during the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries, when Samoans were resisting foreign colonials and developing a new sense of cultural identity. They concern a central puzzle of Polynesian prehistory- the nature of the so-called Tongan empire.
THE MORAL LIFE OF TREES: PASTORAL FARMING AND PRODUCTION FORESTRY IN NORTHERN NEW ZEALAND
Julie Park and Kathryn Scott
For the first time in the history of production forestry in northern New Zealand, forests are being planted on "good farmland." In this article we analyze conflicting narratives of sustainability in relation to this change, using concepts from Žižek (1993, 1997) and Hage (1998). We argue that forestry presents a threat to the identity of pastoral farmers as the backbone of the country, to their enjoyment of community, and to their sense of themselves as national managers and, further, that pastoral farmers can symbolize Pakeha (white New Zealanders). This threat is exacerbated because the recent growth in forestry includes considerable Maori involvement and coincides with Maori return to rural tribal lands. In addition, the multinational nature of forestry calls the bounded nation itself into question. Our evidence is drawn from ethnographic and other research in the late 1990s.
Chimpanzee and Red Colobus: The Ecology of Predator and Prey.
Craig B. Stanford, with foreword by Richard Wrangham. Cambridge,
Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001, 296 pp., 25 halftones, 58 illustrations,
37 tables. $20.00, paper.
Signs of Life: How Complexity Pervades Biology. Ricard
Solé and Brian Goodwin. New York: Basic Books, 2000, 322
pp. $30.00, cloth.
Biology, Brains and Behavior. S.T. Parker, J. Langer,
and M.L. McKinney, eds. Santa Fe: School of American Research
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Human Skeletal Anatomy: Laboratory Manual and Workbook.
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Archaeology at the Millennium: A Sourcebook. Gary M.
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and Gavin Lucas, eds. New York: Routledge, 2001, 192 pp. $85.00,
cloth; $27.95, paper.
The Future of the Past: Archaeologists, Native Americans, and Repatriation.
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pp. $75.00, cloth.
From Leaders to Rulers. Jonathan Haas, ed.
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Sticks, Stones, and Shadows: Building the Egyptian Pyramids.
Martin Isler. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001,
239 pp. $29.95, cloth.
Greece before History: An Archaeological Companion and Guide.
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University Press, 2001, 201 pp. $45.00, cloth; $17.95, paper.
Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia: An Essay in Historical Anthropology.
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Cambridge University Press, 2001, 375 pp. $74.95, cloth; $27.95, paper.
Gender and the Archaeology of Death. Bettina Arnold
and Nancy L. Wicker, eds. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2001,
198 pp. $65.00, cloth; $26.95, paper.
Empire and Domestic Economy. Terence N. D'Altroy, Christine
A. Hastorf, and Associates. New York: Plenum Publishers, 2001,
375 pp. $79.95, cloth.
Early Pithouse Villages of the Mimbres Valley and Beyond: The McAnally
and Thompson Sites in Their Cultural and Ecological Contexts.
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Museum Press, 2001, 160 pp. $30.00, paper.
Anasazi America: Seventeen Centuries on the Road from Center Place.
David E. Stuart. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press,
2000, 249 pp., 42 halftones, 4 maps. $29.95, cloth; $15.95, paper.
Homol'ovi III: A Pueblo Hamlet in the Middle Little Colorado River
Valley. E. Charles Adams, ed. Tucson: University
of Arizona Press, 2001, 400 pp., 50 illustrations. $24.95, paper.
Invisible Genealogies: A History of Americanist Anthropology.
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Inside Organizations: Anthropologists at Work. David
N. Gellner and Eric Hirsch, eds. Oxford: Berg Publishing, 2001,
256 pp. $68.00, cloth; $23.00, paper.
Anthropology with an Attitude: Critical Essays. Johannes
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Reinventing Religions: Syncretism and Transformation in Africa and
the Americas. Sidney M. Greenfield and André Droogers,
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Remembrance of Repasts: An Anthropology of Food and Memory.
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cloth; $23.00, paper.
Changing Chinese Foodways in Asia. David Y. H. Wu and
Tan Chee-beng, eds. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2001,
288 pp. $40.00, cloth.
Colonial Histories, Post-Colonial Memories: The Legend of the Kahina,
a North African Heroine. Abdelmajid Hannoum. Westport,
Conn.: Greenwood Publishing, 2001, 240 pp. $59.95, cloth.
African Witchcraft and Otherness: A Philosophical and Theological
Critique of Intersubjective Relations. Elias Kifon Bongmba.
Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 2001, xxvii + 224 pp.
Poverty in Burkina Faso: Representations and Realities.
Sten Hagberg. Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala Universitet, 2001, 116
pp. $7.99, paper.
Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia.
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2000, 298 pp. $22.50, paper.
Honour and Violence. Anton Blok. Malden, Mass.:
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Contingent Countryside: Settlement, Economy, and Land Use in the
Southern Argolid since 1770. Susan Buck Sutton, ed. Stanford,
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Where the Echo Began and Other Oral Traditions from Southwestern
Alaska Recorded by Hans Himmelheber. Ann Feinup-Riodan,
ed. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2000, 224 pp. $39.95, cloth.
Crafts, Capitalism, and Women: The Potters of La Chamba, Colombia.
Ronald J. Duncan. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000,
280 pp., 27 black-and-white photos, 2 illustrations, 3 maps, 10 tables.
Religion in the Modern American West. Ferenc Morton
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The Continuum Encyclopedia of Native Art: Worldview, Symbolism and
Culture in Africa, Oceania, and Native North America. Hope
Werness. New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group,
Inc., 2000, 500 pp. $50.00, cloth.
Native American Representations: First Encounters, Distorted Images,
and Literary Appropriations. Gretchen M. Bataille, ed. Lincoln:
University of Nebraska, 2001, x + 252 pp. $75.00, cloth; $25.00, paper.
Art and Society in a Highland Maya Community: The Altarpiece of Santiago
Atitlán. Allen J. Christenson. Austin: University
of Texas Press, 2001, 260 pp., 91 black-and-white photos. $55.00, cloth;
Indigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil. Seth Garfield.
Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2001, 316 pp. $59.95, cloth; $19.95,
Elites: Choice, Leadership, and Succession. João
de Pina-Cabral and Antónia Pedroso de Lima, eds. New york:
Berg Publishers, 2000, 244 pp. $65.00, cloth; $19.50, paper.
Trails to Tiburón: The 1894 and 1895 Field Diaries of W. J.
McGee. Hazel McFeely Fontana. Tucson: University
of Arizona Press, 2000, 168 pp., 57 historical photographs. $35.00, cloth.
Nation Dance: Religion, Identity and Cultural Difference in the Caribbean.
Patrick Taylor, ed. Bloomington: Indiana University
Press, 2001, 233 pp., 1 black-and-white photo, map. $39.95, cloth; $19.95,