JOURNAL of 
ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Maya Kinship, Landscape
Domestication,Taiwanese Religion
& Cross Cultural Patterns

Volume 59, Number 1, Abstracts

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THE ANCIENT MAYA KINSHIP

Per Hage
Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

This article suggests that the Maya kinship system was originally Kariera in type, based on bilateral cross-cousin marriage with cross-cutting patrilineal descent and alternate generation moieties.  The quadripartite structure of the Maya kinship system was isomorphic to, and may have been the model for, the quadripartite structures of Maya cosmology and settlement.  In this respect, the Maya kinship system was similar to Kariera systems in Australia and goes back to the small-scale communities of the Proto-Maya or Archaic period before 2000 B.C.  By the Classic period, however, beginning around A.D. 250, there apparently were two different marriage systems in Maya society: a bilateral cross-cousin marriage system for royalty and nobility.  In this respect, Maya marriage practices were similar to those of the city-states in early Chinese civilization.


SHRINES AND THE DOMESTICATION OF LANDSCAPE 

Charles Mather
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W.,
Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N IN4

Landscapes reflect predominant patterns of social action and thought.  In this article, the relationship between landscapes and shrines in Kusasi territory in northern Ghana is explicated in terms of the domestication of the natural world.  Focusing on a particular settlement, I argue that Kusasi shrines embody local and tribal histories.  Field observations and interviews reveal that the Kusasi use shrines to demarcate physical territories according to social divisions.  Through shrines and their associated rites, the Kusasi transform the physical world into a ceremonial landscape.  The transformation of the physical world is part of a ritual process involving the domestication of natural and spiritual forces.  Shrines are sites of mediation where the Kusasi reiterate established meanings and generate new ones.


THE CULTURAL IMPACT OF GENDERED SOCIAL ROLES AND ETHNICITY: CHANGING RELIGIOUS PRACTICES IN TAIWAN

Melissa J. Brown
Department of Anthropological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-2117

The differential gendering of a social role in Han and Aborigine religious traditions impacted cultural content when the actual social order resulted in a person holding that role who did not match the gendered expectations.  The actual holder of the gendered social role of spirit medium influenced both the social rules for who could achieve that role in the future and the religious practices and meanings for which that role holder was responsible.  Analysis of this case in terms of the dynamics of social power relations and cultural meanings sheds light on why gender and ethnicity are so important in shaping people's lives.



FORM OF MARRIAGE, SEXUAL DIVISION OF LABOR, AND POSTMARITAL RESIDENCE IN CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: A RECONSIDERATION

Andrey Korotayev
Anthropology of the East Program, Russian State University for the Humanities,
6 Miusskaya Ploshchad', Moscow 125267, Russia

Early theories explaining the determinants of postmarital residence connected it with the sexual division of labor.  However, to date, cross-cultural tests of this hypothesis using worldwide samples have failed to find any significant relationship between these two variables.  Our tests show that the female contribution to subsistence does correlate significantly with matrilocal residence in general; however, this correlation is masked by a general polygyny factor.  Although an increase in the female contribution to subsistence tends to lead to matrilocal residence, it also tends simultaneously to lead to general non-sororal polygyny, which effectively destroys martilocality.  If this polygyny factor is controlled (e.g., through a multiple regression model), division of labor turns out to be a significant predictor of postmarital residence.  Thus, Murdock's hypotheses regarding the relationships between the sexual division of labor and postmarital residence were basically correct, though the actual relationships between those two groups of variables are more complicated than he expected.


BOOK REVIEWS

 Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Christopher Boehm. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999, 280 pp. $44.00, cloth; $20.00, paper.
Reviewed by David Erdal, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Scotland

Shamanism and the Ancient Mind: A Cognitive Approach to Archaeology.James L. Pearson. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Altamira Press, 2002, 200 pp. $63.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by J.D. Lewis Williams, Rock Art Research Inst., University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Shamanhood, Symbolism, and Epic. Juha Pentikäinen, ed., in collaboration with Hanna Saressalo and Chuner M. Taksami. Vol. 9 of the International Society for Shamanistic Research.  Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 2002, 272 pp. $62.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Jean Clottes, French Ministry of Culture

Mesoamerican Healers.  Brad R. Huber and Alan R. Sandstrom, eds.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001, 408 pp., 2 black-and-white photos, 1 line drawing, 2 figures, 3 maps, 31 tables. $50.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Peter T. Furst, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and Museum of New Mexico

Healing in Community: Medicine, Contested Terrains, and Cultural Encounters among the Tuareg. Susan Rasmussen.  Westport, Conn.: Bergin and Garvey, 2001, 288 pp. $64.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Stephen Tyler, Rice University

Náyari History, Politics and Violence: From Flowers to Ash.Philip E. Coyle. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2001, 280 pp. $45.00, cloth.
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We Are All Equal: Student Culture and Identity at a Mexican Secondary School, 1988-1998.  Bradley A. U. Levinson.  Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2001, 433 pp. $74.95, cloth; $23.95, paper.
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Reviewed by E. Paul Durrenberger, Pennsylvania State University

The Articulated Peasant: Household Economies in the Andes. Enrique Mayer. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2002, 390 pp. $31.00, paper.
Reviewed by Paul H. Gelles, University of California, Riverside

Consumption Intensified: The Politics of Middle-Class Daily Life in Brazil. Maureen O'Dougherty.  Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2002, 224 pp. $59.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Oswaldo Pereira, MD, MPH, Dept. of Family & Community Medicine, University of New Mexico

Western Pueblo Identities: Regional Interaction, Migration, and Transformation.  Andrew I. Duff.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2002, 250 pp., 18 illustrations. $48.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Dean J. Saitta, University of Denver

Tracking Prehistoric Migrations: Pueblo Settlers among the Tonto Basin Hohokam.  Jeffrey J. Clark. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2001, 220 pp., 39 line illustrations. $16.95, paper.
Reviewed by Arleyn W. Simon, Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Navajo Trading: The End of an Era.  Willow Roberts Powers.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2001, 282 pp. $29.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Maureen Trudelle-Schwarz, Syracuse University

Histories of Southeastern Archaeology.  Shannon Tusingham, Jane Hill, and Charles H. McNutt, eds. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002, 408 pp. $29.95, paper.
Reviewed by I. Randolph Daniel, Jr., East Carolina University

The Archaeology of Drylands: Living at the Margin. Graeme Barker and David Gilbertson, eds. New York: Routledge, 2000, xxviii + 372 pp. $130.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Joseph Schuldenrein, Geoarchaeology Research Associates

Droughts, Food and Culture: Ecological Change and Food Security in Africa's Later Prehistory.  Fekri A. Hassan, ed.  New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2002 366 pp. $85.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Mark N. Cohen, State University of New York, Plattsburgh

Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara, vol. 2: The Pottery of Nabta Playa.  Kit Nelson and Associates, eds.  New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers, 2002, 122 pp. $75.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Augustin F. C. Holl, Museum of Anthropology, The University of Michigan

Desolate Landscapes: Ice-Age Settlement in Eastern Europe.  John F. Hoffecker.  New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002, 298 pp. $69.00, cloth; $32.00, paper.
Reviewed by Lawrence Guy Straus, University of New Mexico

De Neandertales a Cromañones: El Inicio del Poblamiento Humano en las Tierras Valencianas. Valentín Villaverde, ed. Valencia: Universitat de Valencia, 2001, 463 pp. 30 euros, paper.
Reviewed by Lawrence Guy Straus, University of New Mexico

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Reviewed by Frank and Suzanne Dessac, University of Montana

In Pursuit of Gender: Worldwide Archaeological Approaches.  Sarah Milledge Nelson and Myriam Rosen-Ayalon, eds. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2002, 448 pp. $85.00, cloth; $34.95, paper.
Reviewed by Marcia-Anne Dobres, University of California, Riverside

Race and the Archaeology of Identity.  Charles E. Orser, Jr., ed.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002, 288 pp. $25.00, paper; $55.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Randall H. McGuire, Binghamton University

The Human Fossil Record, vol. 1: Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe).  Jeffrey H. Schwartz and Ian Tattersall.  New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2002, 388 pp. $125.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Lawrence Guy Straus, University of New Mexico

A Guide to Careers in Physical Anthropology. Alan S. Ryan, ed. Westport, Conn.: Bergin and Garvey, 2002, 308 pp. $67.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Michael A. Schillaci, University of New Mexico

High Stakes: Children, Testing, and Failure in American Schools. Dale D. Johnson and Bonnie Johnson. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishing Group, 2002, 248 pp. $69.00, cloth; $22.95, paper.
Reviewed by Elizabeth B. Keefe, Kaia Tollefson, University of New Mexico

A History of Everyday Things: The Birth of Consumption in France, 1600-1800.  Daniel Roche.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 309 pp. $59.95, cloth; $22.95, paper.
Reviewed by Charlie R. Steen, University of New Mexico

Water and Power in Highland Peru: The Cultural Politics of Irrigation and Development.  Paul H. Gelles. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2000, 233 pp. $60.00, cloth; $22.00, paper.
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Anthropologists in a Wider World. Paul Dresch, Wendy James, and David Parkin, eds.  New York: Berghahn Books, 2000, 288 pp., 6 illustrations. $69.96, cloth; $22.50, paper.
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Intentional Community: An Anthropological Perspective.  Susan Love Brown, ed.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001, 190 pp. $54.50, cloth; $17.95, paper.
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