Paleoanthropology: Atapuerca, Aterian,
Châtelperronian & Kennewick

Volume 60, Number 1, Abstracts

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José María Bermúdez de Castro and María Martinón-Torres
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain

Marina Lozano
Laboratori d´Arqueología, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Plaça Imperial Tarraco, 1, 43005 Tarragona, Spain

Susana Sarmiento and Ana Muela
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain

This article analyzes the mortality profiles of two Middle Pleistocene hominin samples, one from the Sima de los Huesos (SH) site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Spain) (MNI = 28), and another (MNI = 26) selected from various other European sites. In the SH mortality distribution, 64 percent of the individuals died between the ages of 11 and 20 years, but there is only one individual under the age of 10. In the sample from other European sites, there are four individuals under 10, but the number of individuals in the 11–20 year range is lower (39 percent) than in the SH sample. In both samples, the percentage of individuals who died after the age of 30 is very similar (14.3 percent in SH and 11.5 percent at the other sites), and the differences between both distributions (when infants and children are excluded) are not statistically significant. This article considers whether these mortality distributions follow a catastrophic or an attritional pattern. The discussion is presented in the framework of our current knowledge of the life history pattern of the Homo heidelbergensis species and the age structure and mortality profile of living foraging groups.


Elena A.A. Garcea
Laboratorio di Archeologia, Università di Cassino, 03043 Cassino, Italy

This article presents and discusses the most recent data on the Aterian in Africa and correlates them with the archaeological evidence from southwestern Europe. It provides an Africanist’s interpretation of the cultural development of the Aterian in North Africa and considers one of the Aterian’s putative passageways to Europe argued by the Out-of-Africa dispersal model—the Strait of Gibraltar. Several scenarios for Aterian interaction with southwestern Europe are discussed. The first three review the possibility of Aterian migration and/or diffusion to southwestern Europe and supposed relations with Solutrean, Aurignacian, and Mousterian populations. The fourth, and most likely, scenario considers convergence between North Africa and southwestern Europe populations and examines the most recent technological, anthropological, organizational, and environmental evidence for this idea.


Frederick L. Coolidge and Thomas Wynn
Psychology Department, P.O. Box 7150, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 80933-7150

Châtelperronian is the term used for a distinctive archaeological assemblage found in areas of southwestern France and northern Spain. Neandertals appear to have been responsible for the artifacts, but some of the artifact types represent a significant change from those used in the previous 200,000 years of Neandertal culture. Two alternative interpretations have been proposed for this change—one emphasizing independent development and the other emphasizing imitation of modern humans. We propose a slightly different scenario in which Neandertals created the artifacts through a form of observational learning known as emulation. This form of learning fits an account of Neandertal thinking that is derived from cognitive models of working memory and long-term working memory and is enriched by examples from neuropsychology.


Stuart J. Fiedel
Louis Berger Group, 2300 N St. NW, Washington, DC, 20037

Recent archaeological finds and anthropological analyses of crania and molecular data have been widely construed as requiring radical revision of conventional views of Native American origins. However, ostensibly fresh ideas about multiple early migrations to the New World only reprise outmoded racialist speculations. The “Clovis-first” model, which entails rapid colonization from Beringia beginning ca. 13,500 cal BP, remains the most cogent interpretation of the archaeological and skeletal record. This model also is congruent with molecular genetic data that indicate a single Amerind migration and point clearly to southern middle Siberia as the ancestral homeland.


Artifacts and Ideas: Essays in Archaeology. Bruce G. Trigger. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2003, 243 pp. $39.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Don D. Fowler, University of Nevada, Reno

El Señorío de Chiribaya en la Costa Sur del Perú. Maria Cecilia Lozada and Jane E. Buikstra. Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 2002, 194 pp. $8.50, paper.
Reviewed by Donna J. Nash, The Field Museum

Signs of the Inka Khipu: Binary Coding in the Andean Knotted-String Records. Gary Urton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003,
216 pp., 21 black-and-white photos, 24 figures, 5 tables. $40.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Justin Jennings, University of California, Santa Barbara and Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

Tikal: Dynasties, Foreigners, and Affairs of State; Advancing Maya Archaeology. Jeremy A. Sabloff, ed. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2003, 419 pp. $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Patricia A. McAnany, Boston University

Mexican Highland Cultures: Archaeological Researches at Teotihuacan, Calpulalpan, and Chalchicomula in 1934–35. Sigvald Linne. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2003, 236 pp., 6 illustrations. $70.00, cloth; $34.95, paper.
Reviewed by Jeffrey R. Parsons, University of Michigan

Boundaries and Territories: Prehistory of the U.S. Southwest and Northern Mexico. M. Elisa Villalpando, ed. Tempe: Arizona State University, 2002, 189 pp., 15 maps, 46 figures, 12 tables. $27.50, paper.
Reviewed by Michael E. Whalen, University Tulsa

Defending the Dinétah: Pueblitos in the Ancestral Navajo Heartland. Ronald H. Towner. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2003, 208 pp., 49 illustrations. $35.00, cloth.
Reviewed by David M. Brugge, Albuquerque, NM

The Historic Period at Bandelier National Monument. Monica L. Smith. Intermountain Cultural Resources Management Professional Paper 63; Contribution 11 to the Bandelier Archaeological Survey. Santa Fe, NM: National Park Service, Department of the Interior, 2002, 102 pp.
Reviewed by Ann F. Ramenofsky, University of New Mexico

The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective. Gregory L. Possehl. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2002, 276 pp. $80.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
Reviewed by Carla M. Sinopoli, University of Michigan

La Cova dels Cavalls en el Barranc de la Valltorta. Rafael Martínez Valle and Valentín Villaverde Bonilla, eds. Tírig, Spain: Museu de la Valltorta, 2002, 210 pp. 18 €, paper.
Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus, University of New Mexico

The Human Fossil Record, vol. 2: Craniodental Morphology of the Genus Homo (Africa and Asia). Jeffrey H. Schwartz and Ian Tattersall. New York: Wiley Publishers, 2003, 616 pp. $195.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Osbjorn M. Pearson, University of New Mexico

On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction. Peter T. Ellison. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003, 358 pp. $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Michael Gurven, University of California, Santa Barbara

Race, Nature and the Politics of Difference. Donald S. Moore, Jake Kosek, and Anand Pandian, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 488 pp. $84.05, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Yolanda T. Moses, Claremont Graduate University

Worked Over: The Corporate Sabotage of an American Community. Dimitra Doukas. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003, 199 pp. $39.95, cloth; $18.95, paper.
Reviewed by Paul Durrenberger, Penn State University

Working Out in Japan: Shaping the Female Body in Tokyo Fitness Clubs. Laura Spielvogel. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 264 pp. $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Thomas B. Stevenson, Ohio University, Zanesville Campus

Dreaming and the Self: New Perspectives on Subjectivity, Identity, and Emotion. Jeannette Marie Mageo,ed. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003, 234 pp. $59.50, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Reviewed by Douglass Price-Williams, University of California, Los Angeles

Motherhood Lost: A Feminist Account of Pregnancy Loss in America. Linda L. Layne. New York: Routledge Publishing, 2003, 354 pp. $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Barbara L. Ley, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Rural Society in the Age of Reason: An Archaeology of the Emergence of Modern Life in the Southern Scottish Highlands. Chris Dalglish. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2003, 257 pp. $96.00, cloth; $48.00, paper.
Reviewed by Robert Paynter, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Place and Spirit in Taiwan: Tudi Gong in the Stories, Strategies and Memories of Everyday Life. Alessandro Dell’Orto. New York: Routledge, 2002, 300 pp. $75.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Avron Boretz, University of Texas at Austin

Ethnohistory: Emerging Histories in Madagascar. Jeffrey C. Kaufmann,ed. Ethnohistory, special issue, vol. 48, nos. 1-2. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2001, 379 pp. $15.00, paper.
Reviewed by David Graeber, Yale University

The Guaraní under Spanish Rule in the Rio de la Plata. Barbara Ganson. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003, 304 pp., 13 illustrations, 1 map. $65.00, cloth.
Reviewed by A. Magdalena Hurtado, University of New Mexico

Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period. Molly Lee and Gregory Reinhardt. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2003, 216 pp. $45.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Susan Rowley, University of British Columbia

Scenes from the High Desert: Julian Steward’s Life and Theory. Virginia Kerns. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2003, 414 pp. $45.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Don D. Fowler, University of Nevada, Reno

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