JOURNAL of 
ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

PALEOLITHIC ART, INUIT FOOD-SHARING, PROTO-NUMIC DESCENT, AND TEOTIHACAN ENCLAVES

Volume 60, Number 3, Abstracts

JAR HomePage
Online Index
Issue Contents & Article Abstracts
Upcoming Articles
Manuscript Information
Subscription Information
JAR Distinguished Lectures
JAR History

TOWARDS A GENEALOGY OF THE CONCEPT OF “PALEOLITHIC MOBILIARY ART”

Oscar Moro Abadía and Manuel R. González Morales
Grupo de Prehistoria, Departamento de Ciencias Históricas, Universidad de Cantabria, Edificio Interfacultativo, Avenida de los Castros s/n 39005, Santander, Spain

Analyses of Paleolithic art have often presupposed the existence of two distinct and indisputable categories: parietal art (or cave art) and mobiliary art (or portable art). We question this distinction. In this article, we analyze the concept of “Paleolithic mobiliary art”—a term which not only refers to the size and portability of the art that it intends to describe, but which also is implicitly shaped by the different meanings and connotations of the late nineteenth-century definition of primitive art.


A NEW TYPOLOGY OF FOOD-SHARING PRACTICES AMONG HUNTER-GATHERERS, WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON INUIT EXAMPLES

Nobuhiro Kishigami
National Museum of Ethnology, Suita City, Osaka, Japan 565-8511

This article first examines several anthropological studies to illustrate some substantial limitations of the concepts of “reciprocity” and “exchange” as applied to food sharing among hunter-gatherer societies. I then propose a new typology of food sharing for identification, classification, description, and comparison. The new typology includes nine types of sharing: giving based on rules, voluntary giving, demand giving, exchange based on rules, voluntary exchange, demand exchange, redistribution based on rules, voluntary redistribution, and demand redistribution. Finally, I demonstrate the utility of the new typology by using it to analyze food sharing among two Inuit groups in the Canadian Arctic.


THE PROTO-NUMIC KINSHIP SYSTEM

Per Hage
Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Bojka Milicic
Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Mauricio Mixco
Department of Linguistics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Michael J. P. Nichols
112 Eastwood Drive, San Francisco, CA 94112

On the basis of historical linguistic and ethnohistorical evidence, the Proto-Numic kinship system can be reconstructed as Kariera (Dravidianate) in type based on a rule of bilateral cross-cousin marriage. The reconstruction is consistent with semantic shifts in Numic kinship terminologies and with universal theories of kinship evolution which take Dravidianate systems as a starting point and assume irreversible drifts away from this point. The dialect continua of the Numic language family imply the presence of regional marriage networks as hypothesized for many other hunter-gatherer societies.


 

REVIEW ARTICLE: WHAT WAS TEOTIHUACAN DOING IN THE MAYA REGION?

Robert S. Santley
Department of Anthropology, MSC 01-1040, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131

Review of The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction, edited by Geoffrey E. Braswell. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003, xviii + 423 pp. $40.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.

Since the 1930s, archaeologists have discovered startling evidence of cultural interaction between the Early Classic Maya and the great Central Mexican metropolis of Teotihuacan. This book reports on these findings on a case-by-case basis and offers new interpretations concerning the range of those interactions. My review of this work is in two parts. First, I summarize the results reported. I then compare them with recent findings from Matacapan, a site in southern Veracruz long known to have been in contact with Teotihuacan.


BOOK REVIEWS

Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation. Peter Hammerstein, ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003, 485 pp. $45.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Michael Gurven.

Bones of the Ancestors: The Archaeology and Osteobiography of the Moatfield Ossuary (Mercury Series, Archaeology Paper 163). Ronald F. Williamson and Susan Pfeiffer, eds. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 2003, 366 pp., 80 black-and-white illustrations, CD-ROM. $39.95, paper.
Reviewed by Jane E. Buikstra.

Race and Practice in Archaeological Interpretation. Charles E. Orser, Jr. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003, 320 pp. $55.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Mark P. Leone.

Marx’s Ghost: Conversations with Archaeologists. Thomas C. Patterson. New York: Berg Press, 203, 204 pp. $68.00, cloth; $21.50, paper.
Reviewed by Mark P. Leone.

Heterarchy, Political Economy, and the Ancient Maya: The Three Rivers Region of the East-Central Yucatan Peninsula. Vernon L. Scarborough, Fred Valdez, Jr., and Nicholas Dunning, eds. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2003, 190 pp. $55.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Peter D. Harrison.

Ancient Maya Women. Traci Ardren, ed. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2002, 293 pp. $78.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
Reviewed by Rani T. Alexander.

The Ancient Maya of the Belize Valley: Half a Century of Archaeological Research.  James F. Garber, ed. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2004, 417 pp. $75.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Jeremy A. Sabloff.

Cobble Circles and Standing Stones: Archaeology at the Rivas Site, Costa Rica.  Jeffrey Quilter. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2004, 238 pp., 50 photos, 18 maps, 15 drawings, 13 charts and tables. $49.95, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Payson Sheets.

Moche Portraits from Ancient Peru. Christopher B. Donnan. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004, xiv + 188 pages, 303 color and black-and-white figures. $39.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Garth Bawden.

Pendejo Cave. Richard S. MacNeish and Jane G. Libby, eds. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003, 546 pp., 76 halftones, 67 line drawings, 32 maps. $85.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Stuart J. Fiedel.

Neanderthals in the Levant: Behavioral Organization and the Beginnings of Human Modernity. Donald O. Henry, ed. London and New York: Continuum, 2004, 320 pp. $155.00 cloth.
Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus.

Complex Systems and Archaeology: Empirical and Theoretical Applications. R. Alexander Bentley and Herbert D. G. Maschner, eds. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2003, 196 pp., 30 illustrations. $55.00, cloth; $25.00 paper.
Reviewed by Martin Biskowski.

A Comparative Study of Six City-State Cultures. Mogens Herman Hansen, ed. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, 2002, 144 pp. DKK 600, cloth.
Reviewed by Gary M. Feinman.

Forager-Traders in South and Southeast Asia: Long Term Histories. Kathleen Morrison and Laura L. Junker, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 288 pp. $75.00, cloth; $27.00 paper.
Reviewed by Michael D. Petraglia.

Catawba Indian Pottery: The Survival of a Folk Tradition. Thomas John Blumer.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2004, 353 pp., 64 illustrations. $65.00, cloth; $34.95, paper.
Reviewed by Kenneth E. Sassaman.

Blackfellas, Whitefellas, and the Hidden Injuries of Race. Gillian Cowlishaw. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2004, 288 pp. $59.95, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by David C. Evans.

Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa. Jane I. Guyer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004, 232 pp., 5 halftones, 2 maps, 6 figures, 2 tables.  $15.00, paper.
Reviewed by Brenda Chalfin.

The Anthropology of Religious Conversion. Andrew Buckser and Stephen D. Glazier, eds. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc., 2003, 256 pp. $78.00, cloth; $34.95 paper.
Reviewed by Robert W. Hefner.

From Fanatics to Folk: Brazilian Millenarianism and Popular Culture. Patricia R. Pessar. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 2004, 273 pp. $22.95, paper; $79.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Sydney M. Greenfield.

Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth. Gananath Obeyesekere. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002, 477 pp. $66.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Reviewed by Aditya Adarkar

Merit and the Millennium: Routine and Crisis in the Ritual Lives of the Lahu People. Anthony R. Walker. New Delhi, India: Hindustan Publishing Corp., 2003, 939 pp., 7 maps, 44 figures, 72 photographic plates.  $55.00, cloth.
Reviewed by Jacquetta Hill.

The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of Nation. Keith Brown. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003, 320 pp., 13 halftones, 4 maps.  $ 55.00, cloth; $18.95, paper.
Reviewed by Melissa Bokovoy.

Beneath the Crust of Culture: Psychoanalytic Anthropology and the Cultural Unconscious in American Life. Howard F. Stein. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004, 137 pp. $40.00, paper.
Reviewed by Philip K. Bock.

A History of Anthropological Theory, 2nd ed. Paul A. Erickson and Liam D. Murphy. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2003. $18.95, paper.
Reviewed by Stephen P. Reyna.

On the Banks of the Ganga: When Wastewater Meets a Sacred River. Kelly D. Alley. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002, 296 pp. $70.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
Reviewed by Peter Nabokov.

The Rules of Play: National Identity and the Shaping of Japanese Leisure. David Leheny. NY: Cornell University Press, 2003, 188 pp. $29.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Millie Creighton.

Language in Native Title. John Henderson and David Nash, eds. Canberra, Australia: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2002, 328 pp. $36.00, paper.
Reviewed by John B. Haviland.

Salvadorans in Costa Rica: Displaced Lives. Bridget Hayden.  Tucson: Arizona University Press, 2003. $37.50, cloth.
Reviewed by Carlos Sandoval-García.

Immortal Wishes: Labor and Transcendence on a Japanese Sacred Mountain. Ellen Schattschneider. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 269 pp. $64.95, cloth; $21.95, paper.
Reviewed by Hidetada Shimizu.

Lost Paradises and the Ethics of Research and Publication, Francisco M. Salzano and A. Magdalena Hurtado, eds. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, 248 pp. $19.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Sharon Stoerger.

Magical Writing in Salasaca: Literacy and Power in Highland Ecuador. Peter Wogan. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2003, 175 pp. $20.00, paper.
Reviewed by Robert Albro.

Shem Pete’s Alaska: The Territory of the Upper Cook Inlet Dena’ina, 2nd ed. James Kari and James A. Fall, comps. and eds.; Shem Pete, principle contributor. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2003, 392 pp., maps, insert, index. $65.00, cloth; 29.95, paper.
Reviewed by Thomas F. Thornton.

Gambling and Survival in Native North America. Paul Pasquaretta. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2003, 220 pp. $40.00, cloth.
Reviewed by John Bodinger de Uriarte.

Translating Cultures: Perspectives on Translation and Anthropology, Paula G. Rubel and Abraham Rosman, eds. New York: Berg, 2003, 289 pp. $84.94, cloth; $28.95, paper.
Reviewed by Oswald Werner.

After Spanish Rule: Postcolonial Predicaments of the Americas. Mark Thurner  and Andrés Guerrero, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 376 pp., 5 illustrations. $79.95, cloth; $22.95, paper.
Reviewed by Peter Wogan.

Becoming Maya: Ethnicity and Social Inequality in Yucatán since 1500. Wolfgang Gabbert. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2004, 253 pp., 2 maps. $49.95, cloth.
Reviewed by Ron Loewe.

 

 



UNM's Home Page


Department of Anthropology Home Page