Oscar Moro Abadía and Manuel R. González Morales
Analyses of Paleolithic art have often presupposed the existence of two distinct and indisputable categories: parietal art (or cave art) and mobiliary art (or portable art). We question this distinction. In this article, we analyze the concept of “Paleolithic mobiliary art”—a term which not only refers to the size and portability of the art that it intends to describe, but which also is implicitly shaped by the different meanings and connotations of the late nineteenth-century definition of primitive art.
This article first examines several anthropological studies to illustrate some substantial limitations of the concepts of “reciprocity” and “exchange” as applied to food sharing among hunter-gatherer societies. I then propose a new typology of food sharing for identification, classification, description, and comparison. The new typology includes nine types of sharing: giving based on rules, voluntary giving, demand giving, exchange based on rules, voluntary exchange, demand exchange, redistribution based on rules, voluntary redistribution, and demand redistribution. Finally, I demonstrate the utility of the new typology by using it to analyze food sharing among two Inuit groups in the Canadian Arctic.
Michael J. P. Nichols
On the basis of historical linguistic and ethnohistorical evidence, the Proto-Numic kinship system can be reconstructed as Kariera (Dravidianate) in type based on a rule of bilateral cross-cousin marriage. The reconstruction is consistent with semantic shifts in Numic kinship terminologies and with universal theories of kinship evolution which take Dravidianate systems as a starting point and assume irreversible drifts away from this point. The dialect continua of the Numic language family imply the presence of regional marriage networks as hypothesized for many other hunter-gatherer societies.
Robert S. Santley
Review of The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction, edited by Geoffrey E. Braswell. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003, xviii + 423 pp. $40.00, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Since the 1930s, archaeologists have discovered startling evidence of cultural interaction between the Early Classic Maya and the great Central Mexican metropolis of Teotihuacan. This book reports on these findings on a case-by-case basis and offers new interpretations concerning the range of those interactions. My review of this work is in two parts. First, I summarize the results reported. I then compare them with recent findings from Matacapan, a site in southern Veracruz long known to have been in contact with Teotihuacan.
Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation.
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Osteobiography of the Moatfield Ossuary (Mercury Series, Archaeology
Paper 163). Ronald F. Williamson and Susan Pfeiffer, eds.
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black-and-white illustrations, CD-ROM. $39.95, paper.
Race and Practice in Archaeological Interpretation.
Charles E. Orser, Jr. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press,
2003, 320 pp. $55.00, cloth.
Marx’s Ghost: Conversations with Archaeologists.
Thomas C. Patterson. New York: Berg Press, 203, 204 pp. $68.00, cloth;
Heterarchy, Political Economy, and the Ancient Maya:
The Three Rivers Region of the East-Central Yucatan Peninsula.
Vernon L. Scarborough, Fred Valdez, Jr., and Nicholas Dunning, eds.
Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2003, 190 pp. $55.00, cloth.
Ancient Maya Women. Traci Ardren, ed. Walnut
Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2002, 293 pp. $78.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
The Ancient Maya of the Belize Valley: Half a Century
of Archaeological Research. James F. Garber, ed.
Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2004, 417 pp. $75.00, cloth.
Cobble Circles and Standing Stones: Archaeology at the
Rivas Site, Costa Rica. Jeffrey Quilter. Iowa
City: University of Iowa Press, 2004, 238 pp., 50 photos, 18 maps, 15
drawings, 13 charts and tables. $49.95, cloth; $24.95, paper.
Moche Portraits from Ancient Peru. Christopher
B. Donnan. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004, xiv + 188 pages,
303 color and black-and-white figures. $39.95, cloth.
Pendejo Cave. Richard S. MacNeish and Jane G.
Libby, eds. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003, 546
pp., 76 halftones, 67 line drawings, 32 maps. $85.00, cloth.
Neanderthals in the Levant: Behavioral Organization and
the Beginnings of Human Modernity. Donald O. Henry, ed. London
and New York: Continuum, 2004, 320 pp. $155.00 cloth.
Complex Systems and Archaeology: Empirical and
Theoretical Applications. R. Alexander Bentley and Herbert D. G.
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pp., 30 illustrations. $55.00, cloth; $25.00 paper.
A Comparative Study of Six City-State Cultures.
Mogens Herman Hansen, ed. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters, 2002, 144 pp. DKK 600, cloth.
Forager-Traders in South and Southeast Asia: Long Term
Histories. Kathleen Morrison and Laura L. Junker, eds. New
York: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 288 pp. $75.00, cloth; $27.00
Catawba Indian Pottery: The Survival of a Folk
Tradition. Thomas John Blumer. Tuscaloosa: University of
Alabama Press, 2004, 353 pp., 64 illustrations. $65.00, cloth; $34.95,
Blackfellas, Whitefellas, and the Hidden Injuries of
Race. Gillian Cowlishaw. Malden, MA: Blackwell
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Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic
Africa. Jane I. Guyer. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2004, 232 pp., 5 halftones, 2 maps, 6 figures, 2 tables.
The Anthropology of Religious Conversion. Andrew
Buckser and Stephen D. Glazier, eds. Lanham, MD: Rowman and
Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc., 2003, 256 pp. $78.00, cloth; $34.95
From Fanatics to Folk: Brazilian Millenarianism and
Popular Culture. Patricia R. Pessar. Durham, NC and
London: Duke University Press, 2004, 273 pp. $22.95, paper; $79.95, cloth.
Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian,
Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth. Gananath Obeyesekere.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002, 477 pp. $66.00, cloth;
Merit and the Millennium: Routine and Crisis in the
Ritual Lives of the Lahu People. Anthony R. Walker. New
Delhi, India: Hindustan Publishing Corp., 2003, 939 pp., 7 maps, 44
figures, 72 photographic plates. $55.00, cloth.
The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the
Uncertainties of Nation. Keith Brown. Princeton, NJ:
Princeton University Press, 2003, 320 pp., 13 halftones, 4 maps. $
55.00, cloth; $18.95, paper.
Beneath the Crust of Culture: Psychoanalytic
Anthropology and the Cultural Unconscious in American Life. Howard
F. Stein. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004, 137 pp. $40.00, paper.
A History of Anthropological Theory, 2nd ed.
Paul A. Erickson and Liam D. Murphy. Peterborough, Ontario:
Broadview Press, 2003. $18.95, paper.
On the Banks of the Ganga: When Wastewater Meets a
Sacred River. Kelly D. Alley. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Press, 2002, 296 pp. $70.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
The Rules of Play: National Identity and the Shaping of
Japanese Leisure. David Leheny. NY: Cornell University
Press, 2003, 188 pp. $29.95, cloth.
Language in Native Title. John Henderson and
David Nash, eds. Canberra, Australia: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2002,
328 pp. $36.00, paper.
Salvadorans in Costa Rica: Displaced Lives.
Bridget Hayden. Tucson: Arizona University Press, 2003. $37.50,
Immortal Wishes: Labor and Transcendence on a Japanese
Sacred Mountain. Ellen Schattschneider. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 2003, 269 pp. $64.95, cloth; $21.95, paper.
Lost Paradises and the Ethics of Research and
Publication, Francisco M. Salzano and A. Magdalena Hurtado,
eds. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, 248 pp. $19.95, cloth.
Magical Writing in Salasaca: Literacy and Power in
Highland Ecuador. Peter Wogan. Boulder, CO: Westview
Press, 2003, 175 pp. $20.00, paper.
Shem Pete’s Alaska: The Territory of the Upper Cook
Inlet Dena’ina, 2nd ed. James Kari and James A. Fall,
comps. and eds.; Shem Pete, principle contributor. Fairbanks:
University of Alaska Press, 2003, 392 pp., maps, insert, index. $65.00,
cloth; 29.95, paper.
Gambling and Survival in Native North America.
Paul Pasquaretta. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2003, 220
pp. $40.00, cloth.
Translating Cultures: Perspectives on Translation and
Anthropology, Paula G. Rubel and Abraham Rosman, eds. New York:
Berg, 2003, 289 pp. $84.94, cloth; $28.95, paper.
After Spanish Rule: Postcolonial Predicaments of the
Americas. Mark Thurner and Andrés Guerrero, eds. Durham,
NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 376 pp., 5 illustrations. $79.95, cloth;
Becoming Maya: Ethnicity and Social Inequality in
Yucatán since 1500. Wolfgang Gabbert. Tucson: University
of Arizona Press, 2004, 253 pp., 2 maps. $49.95, cloth.