Donald C. Johanson
Commencing in the 1970s, paleoanthropological exploration of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle has made ever-increasing contributions to our knowledge of human origins, ranging from putative early hominids at 6 million years ago to the appearance of Homo sapiens at 150,000 BP. One of the most significant and fossil rich sites is Hadar, best known for the 1974 discovery of a 3.2-million-year-old partial skeleton, colloquially known as “Lucy” and assigned to the species Australopithecus afarensis. Renewed fieldwork at Hadar initiated in 1990 has significantly enlarged the Hadar A. afarensis collection, which now totals 362 specimens spanning 400,000 years from 3.4 to 3.0 million years ago. The discovery of male and female skulls provides vital knowledge for our understanding of A. afarensis. The oldest known co-occurrence of Oldowan tools and early Homo was also documented at Hadar in 2.33-million-year-old strata. With affinities to H. habilis, this discovery casts important light on to the origins of our own genus.
Peter M. Whiteley
Despite a recent turn toward “historical anthropology,” anthropological explanation still tends to be predisposed to neglect or oppose a historical sensibility. This paper addresses how anthropological explanation can be enhanced by a more acute attention to history, in several dimensions. Those chosen concern: first, how a particular form of historical imagination reveals the hidden logic of a social order (the example is Hupa); second, the methodological value of the archival record for explaining significant societal events (the 1906 split of the Hopi town of Orayvi); and, third, identifying explicitly ethical foundations in the anthropological discipline’s origins (specifically, in Lewis Henry Morgan’s League of the Iroquois). Anthropological inquiry and explanation need to develop a deeper historical consciousness.
Sharon R. Steadman
The earliest settled communities on the Anatolian Plateau (central Turkey) consisted of cultivators living in households that cooperated across dwellings in networks of production and consumption. These conclusions are based on the Anatolian data viewed though an interpretive framework modeled on the analysis first offered by Kent Flannery in 1972, with modifications drawn from studies by other scholars in the intervening decades. The theoretical underpinnings of Flannery’s original work are reviewed and revisions are offered. The ethnographic record is also examined for insights into the ambiguities present in hunter-gatherer and pastoralist familial and socioeconomic structures. The study closes with a revised explanatory framework to interpret the Anatolian early settlement data and with conclusions drawn from that data.
The Skull of Australopithecus afarensis. William
H. Kimbel, Yoel Rak, and Donald C. Johanson, with a
contribution by Ralph L Holloway and Michael S. Yuan. New York: Oxford
University Press, 2004, 272 pp., 101 halftones, 23 line illustrations.
Medical Anthropology and the World System. Hans
A. Baer, Merrill Singer, and Ida Susser. Westport, CT: Praeger,
2003, 429 pp. $95.00, cloth; $39.95, paper.
Kinship with Monkeys: The Guajá Foragers of Eastern
Amazonia. Loretta A. Cormier. New York: Columbia University
Press, 2003, 288 pp., 10 illustrations. $62.50, cloth; $29.95, paper.
On the Edges of Anthropology: Interviews. James
Clifford. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2003, 121 pp. $10.00,
Gramsci, Culture, and Anthropology. Kate Crehan.
Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002, 208 pp.
$49.95, cloth; $18.95, paper.
Globalisation: Studies in Anthropology. Thomas
Hylland Eriksen, ed. London: Pluto Press, 2003, 208 pp. $69.95, cloth;
Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of Suspicion
in the New World Order. Harry G. West and Todd Sanders, eds.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003, 316 pp. $21.95, paper.
Coming Home? Refugees, Migrants, and Those Who Stayed
Behind. Lynellyn D. Long and Ellen Oxfeld, eds. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004, 288 pp. $59.95, cloth; $19.95
To See with Two Eyes: Peasant Activism and Indian
Autonomy in Chiapas, Mexico. Shannan L. Mattiace.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003, 224 pp., 3 maps.
The Guaymas Chronicles: La Mandadera; El Güero on the
Streets of Northwest Mexico. David E. Stuart. Albuquerque:
University of New Mexico Press, 2003, xiii, + 394 pp., illustrations,
maps. $24.95, cloth.
Seeking Bauls of Bengal. Jeanne Openshaw.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 288 pp. $70.00, cloth.
Children of Colonialism: Anglo-Indians in a
Postcolonial World. Lionel Caplan. New York: Berg Publishing,
2001 (new paperback edition, 2003), 272 pp. $75.00 cloth; $25.00 paper.
Dangerous Designs: Asian Women Fashion the Diaspora
Economies. Parminder Bhachu. New York: Routledge, 2004,
196 pp. $28.95, paper
Producing Culture and Capital: Family Firms in Italy.
Sylvia Yanagisako. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002,
248 pp. $57.50, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Around the Tuscan Table: Food, Family, and Gender in
Twentieth-Century Florence. Carole M. Counihan. New York:
Routledge, 2004, 248 pp. $22.95, paper.
Feeding Desire: Fatness and Beauty in the Sahara.
Rebecca Popenoe. London and New York: Routledge, 2003, 256 pp.
$104.95, cloth; $30.95, paper.
Islam in Europe. Jack Goody.
Cambridge Eng.: Polity Press, 2004, 192 pp. $54.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Speaking in Queer Tongues: Globalization and Gay
Language. William L. Leap and Tom Boellstorff, eds. Champaign:
University if Illinois Press, 2004, 288 pp. $44.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Prosodies of Meaning: Literary Forms in Native North
America. Robert Bringhurst. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Voices
of Rupert's Land, 2004, 56 pp. $12.00, paper.
Native Title in Australia: An Ethnographic Perspective.
Peter Sutton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 279 pp.
Figures de l’Humain: Les Représentations de
l’Anthropologie. F. Affergan, S. Borutti, C. Calame, U. Fabietti,
M. Kilani, and F. Remotti. Recherches d'Histoire Sciences Sociales 98.
Paris, Éditions de l'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales,
2003, 355 pp. $49.20, paper.
Style, Function, Transmission: Evolutionary
Archaeological Perspectives. Michael J. O’Brien and R. Lee Lyman,
eds. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2003, 352 pp., 86
illustrations. $60.00, cloth; $35.00, paper.
Places in Mind: Public Archaeology as Applied
Anthropology. Paul A. Shackel and Erve J. Chambers, eds. New
York: Routledge, 2004, 216 pp. $90.00, cloth; $28.95, paper.
Ungendering Civilization. K. Anne Pyburn,
ed. New York: Routledge, 2004, 242 pp. $34.95, paper.
The Flow of Power: Ancient Water Systems and Landscapes.
Vernon L. Scarborough. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research,
2003, xvii + 204 pp., 89 figures, 15 color plates, references, index.
Sandals from Coahuila Caves. Walter W. Taylor,
Jr. (edited by Nicholas J. Demerath, Mary C. Kennedy, and Patty Jo
Watson). Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archeology 35. Washington, DC:
Dumabarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2003, 151 pp. $15.00,
Ancient Maya Life in the Far West Bajo: Social and
Environmental Change in the Wetlands of Belize. Julie L. Kunen.
Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 2004, 173 pp. $16.95, paper.
The Archaeology of Settlement Abandonment in Middle America.
Takeshi Inomata and Ronald W. Webb, eds. Salt Lake City: University of
Utah, Press, 2003, 256 pp., 90 illustrations. $55.00, cloth;$25.00, paper.
Gold and Power in Ancient Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia.
Jeffrey Quilter and John W. Hoopes, eds. Washington, DC: Dumbarton
Oaks Publications, 2003, 428 pp. $30.00, cloth.
Cerámica y Cultura: The Story of Spanish and Mexican Majolica.
Robin Farwell Gavin, Donna Pierce, and Alfonso Pleguezuelo, eds.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003, 355 pp. $49.95, cloth;
Archaeology of Bandelier National Monument: Village Formation on the Pajarito Plateau, Timothy Kohler,
ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2004, 288 pp. $59.95,
After Captain Cook: The Archaeology of the Recent Indigenous Past in Australia, Rodney Harrison and Christine Williamson, eds.
Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2004, 256 pp. $80.00; $32.95, paper.
---Settlement Dynamics of the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age,
vol. 2, Nicholas J. Conard, ed. Tubingen: Kerns Verlag, 2004,
541 pp. €49.95, cloth.
American Flintknappers. John C.
Whittaker. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004, 384 pp., 12
color and 70 black-and-white illustrations. $65.00, cloth; $29.95, paper.
Art of the Picts: Sculpture and Metalwork in Early Medieval Scotland.
George Henderson and Isabel Henderson. New York: Thames and Hudson,
2004, 256 pp. $65.00, cloth.