Volume 61, Number 2, Abstracts

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KILLING WHAT YOU LOVE: An Andean Cattle Branding Ritual and the Dilemmas of Modernity


Juan Javier Rivera Andía
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Maestria en Gerencia Social. Av.
Universitaria s/n. Cdra. 18
San Miguel, Lima, Perú and Universidad de Lima, Perú


I analyze a livestock branding ritual in a group of villages near Lima as a cultural phenomenon whereby Andean villagers grapple with key ideological dilemmas of Peruvian modernity. Some ideological internal contradictions at issue involve ancient cosmology. However, more to the fore are conflicts felt by Andean villagers drawn to life in modern Lima. I examine ritual lyrics for their discourses on modernity. Analysis of these songs and the emotional world of the singers gives access to folk views of troubled migration journeys and problematic attempts to integrate into the national society.


WHY DO SUBSISTENCE-LEVEL PEOPLE JOIN THE MARKET ECONOMY? Testing Hypotheses of Push and Pull Determinants in Bolivian Amazonia

Ricardo Godoy, Victoria Reyes-García, Tomás Huanca
Sustainable International Development Program
MS 078, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University
Waltham, MA 02454-9110

William R. Leonard
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University
Evanston, Illinois 60208

Vincent Vadez, Cynthia Valdés-Galicia, and Dakun Zhao
Sustainable International Development Program, Brandeis University


Why would subsistence-level indigenous people join the market economy? The question matters because, in answering it, one contributes to a venerable debate about the effects of markets on well-being. Anthropologists have generally treated market participation as exogenous. Market participation is in fact endogenous if it reflects choice. We review hypotheses of determinants that push or pull people to the market, including resource scarcity from population pressure and encroachment, desire to increase level of and reduce variability in food consumption, and the allure of foreign goods. To test the hypotheses we use different series of panel data from Tsimane’ Amerindians, a foraging-horticultural society in the Bolivian Amazon. We correct for the endogeneity of market participation by using outside traveling traders as an instrumental variable for market participation. We find no support for push determinants and mixed support for the allure of foreign goods. We find no evidence that markets raise nutritional status, but they do seem to reduce its variability.



STAFF, STEWARDS, AND STRIKES: Labor’s Communication Gap


E. Paul Durrenberger and Suzan Erem
Department of Anthropology, Penn State University
409 Carpenter Building, University Park, PA 16802

Union staffers think that the willingness and ability of the workers they represent to strike is the key to getting better contracts. Worksite leaders, however, think the key is the speaking and legal skill of the union representatives who bargain for them. This difference is rooted in their everyday experiences, but it leads to a communication gap of which neither is aware. Thus, stewards are likely to see a call for a strike authorization vote to give union staff members bargaining power a failure of the negotiator’s skills, but staffers are likely to see a failure to authorize a strike as indicating a failure of worksite leaders to organize their units.


BERTILLON FILES: An Untapped Source of Nineteenth-Century Human Height Data

Glenice J. Guthrie
Department of Anthropology, Buffalo State College
1300 Elmwood Ave.
Buffalo, NY 14222

Sharon Jenkins
Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Buffalo
Amherst, NY 14221

Height data were collected from a set of Bertillon records housed at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. The 1,021 individuals represent a cross-section of American society in the nineteenth century. They include males and females of all socioeconomic levels (determined by occupation), native and foreign-born, who had come to western New York from all areas of the United States. A brief description of the Bertillon method is presented, followed by a description of the sample. While not statistically significant (P < 0.05), the results of male height data analysis suggest that military records of height for this time period used by previous researchers are not fully representative of the United States population.







The Grimace of Macho Ratón: Artisans, Identity and Nation in Late Twentieth-Century Western Nicaragua. Les Field. Reviewed by Howard Campbell.
Beasts of the Field: A Narrative History of California Farmworkers, 1769–1913, and Photographing Farmworkers in California. Richard Steve Street. Reviewed by Robert C. Ulin.
Hermanitos Comanchitos: Indo-Hispanic Rituals of Captivity and Redemption.  Enrique R. Lamadrid. Reviewed by Sylvia Rodriguez.
Huichol Mythology. Robert M. Zingg. Jay C. Fikes, Phil C. Weigand, and Acelia Garcia de Weigand, eds. Reviewed by Hope MacLean.
Mad Jesus: The Final Testament of A Huichol Messiah. Timothy J. Knab. Reviewed by Vincent Crapanzano.
Crude Chronicles: Indigenous Politics, Multinational Oil, and Neoliberalism in Ecuador. Suzana Sawyer. Reviewed by Rudi Colloredo-Mansfield.
Weaving Generations Together: Evolving Creativity in the Maya of Chiapas. Patricia Marks Greenfield. Reviewed by Marian Rodee.
My Cocaine Museum. Michael Taussig. Reviewed by Fernando Santos-Granero.
The School of the Americas: Military Training and Political Violence in the Americas. Lesley Gill. Reviewed by Katherine T. McCaffrey.
From Racism to Genocide: Anthropology in the Third Reich. Gretchen E. Schafft. Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus.
Gray Areas: Ethnographic Encounters with Nursing Home Culture. Philip B. Stafford, ed. Reviewed by Tony Miranda.
Coming to Shore: Northwest Coast Ethnology, Traditions, and Visions. Marie Mauzé, Michael E. Harkin, and Sergei Kan, eds. Reviewed by Robin Ridington.
Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth Worldview. E. Richard Atleo. Reviewed by Michael Harkin.
Rites of Belonging: Memory, Modernity and Identity in a Malaysian Chinese Community. Jean DeBernardi. Reviewed by Mary Scoggin.
BlowBack: Linguistic Nationalism, Institutional Decay, and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka. Neil DeVotta. Reviewed by Brigittine M. French.
Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society. Joel Robbins. Reviewed by Ira Bashkow.
Aboriginal Economy and Society: Australia at the Threshold of Colonisation. Ian Keen. Reviewed by Richard A. Gould.
In Sierra Leone. Michael Jackson. Reviewed by Raymond Brinkman.
Behaviour behind Bones: The Zooarchaeology of Ritual, Religion, Status and Identity. Sharyn Jones O’Day, WimVan Neer, and Anton Ervynck, eds. Reviewed by Ariane Burke.
Skeletal Attributes of Race: Methods for Forensic Anthropology. George W. Gill and Stanley Rhine, eds. Reviewed by Debra Komar.
Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos. Prudence M. Rice. Reviewed by Norman Hammond.
Yaxcabá and the Caste War of Yucatan. Rani T. Alexander. Reviewed by Janine Gasco.
Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Methods and Theory.
Kitty F. Emery, ed.Reviewed by Rebecca Storey.
Magnificent Objects from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Jennifer Quick, ed. Reviewed by Patricia L. Nietfeld.
Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt. Corinna Rossi. Reviewed by Kate Spence.
Lost Laborers in Colonial California: Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma. Stephen W. Silliman. Reviewed by Robert L. Hoover.
Marmes Rockshelter: A Final Report of 11,000 Years of Cultural Use. Brent A. Hicks, ed. Reviewed by Kenneth M. Ames.
Caborn-Welborn.: Constructing a New Society after the Angel Chiefdom Collapse. David Pollack.Reviewed by Gregory D. Wilson.
Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 14: Southeast. Raymond D. Fogelson, volume ed., William Sturtevant, general ed. Reviewed by Joe Watkins.
Early Pottery: Technology, Function, Style, and Interaction in the Lower Southeast. Rebecca Saunders and Christopher T. Hays, eds. Reviewed by Nancy Marie White.
Archaeological Research on the Islands of the Sun and Moon, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia: Final Results from the Proyecto Tiksi Kjarka. Charles Stanish and Brian S. Bauer, eds. Reviewed by John W. Rick.
Amazonian Dark Earths: Origins, Properties, and Management. Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, and William I. Woods, eds. Reviewed by Michael J. Heckenberger.
The Archaeology of Micronesia. Paul Rainbird. Reviewed by John E. Terrell.
Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape during the Last Glaciation: Archaeological Results of the Stage 3 Project. Tjeerd H. van Andel and William Davies, eds. Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus.
Lascaux: Le Geste, l’Espace et le Temps. Norbert Aujoulat. Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus.
La Ocupación Prehistórica de Kanpanoste en el Contexto de los Cazadores-Recolectores del Mesolítico. Ana Cava, ed. Reviewed by Lawrence G. Straus.
Sediments in Archaeological Contexts. Julie K. Stein and William R. Farrand. Reviewed by Carlos E. Cordova.

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