KILLING WHAT YOU LOVE: An Andean Cattle Branding Ritual
and the Dilemmas of Modernity
Juan Javier Rivera Andía
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Maestria en Gerencia
Universitaria s/n. Cdra. 18
San Miguel, Lima, Perú and Universidad de Lima, Perú
I analyze a livestock
branding ritual in a group of villages near Lima as a cultural phenomenon
whereby Andean villagers grapple with key ideological dilemmas of Peruvian
modernity. Some ideological internal contradictions at issue involve
ancient cosmology. However, more to the fore are conflicts felt by Andean
villagers drawn to life in modern Lima. I examine ritual lyrics for their
discourses on modernity. Analysis of these songs and the emotional world
of the singers gives access to folk views of troubled migration journeys
and problematic attempts to integrate into the national society.
DO SUBSISTENCE-LEVEL PEOPLE JOIN THE MARKET ECONOMY? Testing
Hypotheses of Push and Pull Determinants in Bolivian Amazonia
Ricardo Godoy, Victoria Reyes-García, Tomás Huanca
Sustainable International Development Program
MS 078, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University
Waltham, MA 02454-9110
William R. Leonard
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University
Evanston, Illinois 60208
Vincent Vadez, Cynthia Valdés-Galicia, and Dakun Zhao
Sustainable International Development Program, Brandeis University
would subsistence-level indigenous people join the market economy?
The question matters because,
in answering it, one contributes to a venerable debate about the effects
of markets on well-being. Anthropologists have generally treated market
participation as exogenous. Market participation is in fact endogenous
if it reflects choice. We review hypotheses of determinants that push
or pull people to the market, including resource scarcity from population
pressure and encroachment, desire to increase level of and reduce variability
in food consumption, and the allure of foreign goods. To test the hypotheses
we use different series of panel data from Tsimane’ Amerindians,
a foraging-horticultural society in the Bolivian Amazon. We correct
for the endogeneity of market participation by using outside traveling
as an instrumental variable for market participation. We find no support
for push determinants and mixed support for the allure of foreign goods.
We find no evidence that markets raise nutritional status, but they
do seem to reduce its variability.
STAFF, STEWARDS, AND STRIKES: Labor’s
E. Paul Durrenberger
and Suzan Erem
Department of Anthropology, Penn State University
409 Carpenter Building, University Park, PA 16802
think that the willingness and ability of the workers they represent
to strike is the key to getting better contracts. Worksite leaders,
however, think the key is the speaking and legal skill of the union
representatives who bargain for them. This difference is rooted in
their everyday experiences,
but it leads to a communication gap of which neither is aware. Thus,
stewards are likely to see a call for a strike authorization vote
to give union staff members bargaining power a failure of the negotiator’s
skills, but staffers are likely to see a failure to authorize a strike
as indicating a failure of worksite leaders to organize their units.
An Untapped Source of Nineteenth-Century Human Height Data
Glenice J. Guthrie
Department of Anthropology, Buffalo State College
1300 Elmwood Ave.
Buffalo, NY 14222
Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Buffalo
Amherst, NY 14221
were collected from a set of Bertillon records housed
at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. The 1,021 individuals
represent a cross-section of American society in the nineteenth century.
They include males and females of all socioeconomic levels (determined
by occupation), native and foreign-born, who had come to western
New York from all areas of the United States. A brief description of
method is presented, followed by a description of the sample. While
not statistically significant (P < 0.05), the results of male height
data analysis suggest that military records of height for this time
period used by previous researchers are not fully representative of
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