JOURNAL of 
ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Volume 62, Number 3, Abstracts

JAR HomePage
Online Index
Issue Contents & Article Abstracts
Upcoming Articles
Manuscript Information
Subscription Information
JAR Distinguished Lectures
JAR History

EARLY STATE DYNAMICS AS POLITICAL EXPERIMENT

Henry T. Wright
University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology, Ann Arbor, MI

The emergence of states is an enduring focus for anthropologists. Identifying when and under what circumstances this political transformation has occurred in independent cases is necessary if we wish to evaluate competing ideas explaining the origins of states. This has proved difficult, however, in part because the process is not easy to understand with largely archaeological evidence, but more importantly because it is not a unitary and rapid process. Study of different trajectories toward more complex political organization in Madagascar—where we have an understanding based on archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnography—provides an illustration of the complexities of what may be termed an experimental process. In turn, viewing of earlier trajectories of state emergence in Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica as series of interrelated political experiments may also resolve long- standing problems in dealing with these developments.

KEY WORDS: Madagascar; Mesoamerica; Mesopotamia; State formation


LOUIS DUMONT AND THE ESSENCE OF DRAVIDIAN KINSHIP TERMINOLOGY: The Case of Muduga

George Tharakan C.
Department of Anthropology, University of Hyderabad, India

This article presents an analysis of relationship terms among the Muduga of Kerala, South India, and also attempts to provide a reasonable elucidation of the issues precipitated in the recent discussions on the subject of Dravidian kinship by Rudner (1990, 1997), Parkin (1996, 1997), and Busby (1997). Accepting that Dumont’s model has its own impediments, I argue that his paradigmatic structure nonetheless does adequately represent the essence of the Dravidian terminological system. I base my discussion of Dravidian terminology on evidence from the Muduga of Kerala as well as other neighboring Tamil communities.

KEY WORDS: Dravidian kinship; Kin classification; Muduga (Kerala, South India); South India; Tamil


GREY SUIT OR BROWN CARHARTT: Narrative Transition, Relocation, and Reorientation in the Lives of Corporate Refugees

Brian A. Hoey
Center for the Ethnography of Everyday Life, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

This article examines relocation stories of people who leave behind corporate work culture, relocate from metropolitan areas to small towns and rural places, and attempt to reorient themselves to work and family obligations. Decisions to start over take place within the context of moral questions about what makes a life worth living and what does not through a process in which geography has a bearing. For these migrants, a choice about where to live is also one about how to live. Choices of how to live one’s life are made of more than simple economics, they are also moral. The restructuring and corporate downsizing that defines the contemporary workplace has led some workers and their families to challenge assumptions of the American Dream that promise future reward for loyalty to an employer, hard work, and self-sacrifice. These lifestyle migrants relocate in their attempt to find potential selves and idealized families in new places.

KEY WORDS: Career change; Narrative analysis; Postindustrial economic restructuring; Urban-to-rural migration; Work and family studies


BOOK REVIEWS 

Stephen Reyna: I Am Dynamite: An Alternative Anthropology of Power, by Nigel Rapport

Joel Robbins: Ritual in Its Own Right, Don Handelman and Galina Lindquist, eds.

Marcia Mikulak: Children’s Places: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, Karen Fog Olwig and Eva Gulløv, eds.

Regna Darnell: Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Reflections on the Disciplining of Anthropology, by Daniel A. Segal and Sylvia J. Yanagisako

Randolph J. Widmer: The Florida Journals of Frank Hamilton Cushing and The Lost Florida Manuscript of Frank Hamilton Cushing, Phyllis E. Kolianos and Brent R. Weisman, eds.

Andrew D. Evans: One Discipline, Four Ways: British, German, French, and American Anthropology, Frederick Barth, Andre Gingrich, Robert Parkin, and Sydel Silverman, eds.

Les Field: Native Pathways: American Indian Culture and Economic Development in the Twentieth Century, Brian Hosmer and Colleen O’Neill, eds.

Les Field: Seeing Indians: A Study of Race, Nation, and Power in El Salvador, by Virginia Q. Tilley

Joe Watkins: The Americas That Might Have Been: Native American Social Systems through Time, by Julian Granberry

Joe Watkins: A Seat at the Table: Huston Smith in Conversations with Native Americans on Religious Freedom, by Huston Smith

Donald M. Nonini: Transnational Chinese: Fujianese Migrants in Europe, by Frank N. Pieke, Pál Nyíri, Mette Thunø, and Antonella Ceccagno

Tom Dillehay: Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicholas Aílío and the Chilean State, 1906–2001, by Florencia E. Mallon

Judith Friedlander: Social Stratification and Mobility in Central Veracruz, by Hugo G. Nutini

Walter E. Little: Political Ecology in a Yucatec Maya Community, by E. N. Anderson

Miguel C. Leatham: Jesus in Our Wombs: Embodying Modernity in a Mexican Convent, by Rebecca J. Lester

Elizabeth Emma Ferry: Fields of Power, Forests of Discontent: Culture, Conservation, and the State in Mexico, by Nora Haenn

Anita M. Waters: Modern Blackness: Nationalism, Globalization, and the Politics of Culture in Jamaica, by Deborah A. Thomas

Raymond Brinkman: First Peoples: Indigenous Cultures and Their Futures, by Jeffrey Sissons

Igor Krupnik: Alliance and Conflict: The World System of the Iñupiaq Eskimos, by Ernest S. Burch, Jr.

David Hurst Thomas: Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769–1850, by Steven H. Hackel

David Samuels: The Apache Indians: In Search of the Missing Tribe, by Helge Ingstad, translated by Janine K. Stenehjem

Leila Lehnen: The Promise of the Foreign: Nationalism and the Technics of Translation in the Spanish Philippines, by Vincente L. Rafael

William Mazzarella: Stigmas of the Tamil Stage: An Ethnography of Special Drama Artists in South India, by Susan Seizer

Bernard Bate: No One Cries for the Dead: Tamil Dirges, Rowdy Songs, and Graveyard Petitions, by Isabelle Clark-Decès

Norman Yoffee: Untaming the Frontier in Anthropology, Archaeology, and History, Bradley J. Parker and Lars Rodseth, eds.

Wenda Trevathan: Braindance: New Discoveries about Human Origins and Brain Evolution, by Dean Falk

Osbjorn Pearson: The Chosen Species: The Long March of Human Evolution, by Juan Luis Arsuaga and Ignacio Martínez

Ann M. Palkovich: The Myth of Syphilis: The Natural History of Treponematosis in North America, Mary Lucas Powell and Della Collins Cook, eds.

Marianne Berwick: Epidemiology and Culture, by James A. Trostle

Joel C. Janetski: Bryce Canyon National Park: Archaeology of the Paunsaugunt Plateau, Chris T. Wenker, ed.

William A. Longacre: The Peopling of Bandelier: New Insights from the Archaeology of the Pajarito Plateau, Robert P. Powers, ed.

Barbara Voorhies: The Late Archaic across the Borderlands: From Foraging to Farming, by Bradley J. Vierra

Vernon L. Scarborough: The Ancient Maya, by Robert J. Sharer and Loa P. Traxler

Katharina Schreiber: Cultural Landscapes in the Ancient Andes: Archaeologies of Place, by Jerry D. Moore

Matthew Liebmann: The Archaeology of Colonial Encounters: Comparative Perspectives, Gil J. Stein, ed.

Michael G. Delacorte: Foundations of Chumash Complexity, Jeanne E. Arnold, ed.

G. A. Clark: Armageddon or Entente? The Demise of the European Neandertals in Isotope Stage 3, Lawrence G. Straus, ed.

John L. Shea: The Mousterian of the Zagros: A Regional Perspective, by John M. Lindly

Lawrence G. Straus: The Hominid Individual in Context: Archaeological Investigations of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Landscapes, Locales and Artefacts, Clive Gamble and Martin Porr, eds.

Lawrence G. Straus: Distorting the Past: Gender and the Division of Labor in the European Upper Paleolithic, by Linda R. Owen



UNM's Home Page

Department of Anthropology Home Page