JOURNAL of 
ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Volume 63, Number 1, Abstracts

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BRUCE GRAHAM TRIGGER (1937–2006)

Brian Fagan

With the death of Bruce Trigger, archaeology has lost one of its most erudite and influential voices. His rigorous scholarship and open-minded use of a wide variety of sources brought home the importance of archaeology in contemporary society to a far wider audience than merely his colleagues.


A History of Archaeological Thought, second ed.

Oscar Moro Abadia

It is not an exaggeration to say that the first edition of Trigger’s A History of
Archaeological Thought (1989) contributed decisively in changing both the way
the history of archaeology is written and the manner in which the discipline’s
history is perceived by the archaeological community.


The Long-Term Development of a Peasant Community in Rural Mexico

Michael Schnegg
Institute of Social Anthropology (Institut für Völkerkunde), University of Cologne

KEY WORDS: Boundaries; Community; Compadrazgo; Mexico; Social networks

Wolf’s dichotomy between open and closed corporate communities has become axiomatic for the study of social organization in rural communities in Mesoamerica. In this paper I argue that this dichotomy is of limited use for understanding the vital dynamics behind the evolution of social groups typically classified by anthropologists as peasants. To overcome the conceptual limitation of Wolf’s original classification I propose a network model that focuses on social relations. This approach can more adequately capture the variability and complexity we observe in everyday practice in rural communities in past and contemporary times. The paper examines aspects of the social organization of Belén, a rural community in Tlaxcala, Mexico. Using data from parish registers and two ethnographic surveys, I demonstrate how the social networks of compadrazgo (ritual kinship) and marriage can be reconstructed back into the seventeenth century. Since the beginning of the eighteenth century Beléños have formed most of their compadrazgo relationships with people from outside, indicating that social boundaries had started to collapse long before industrialization led to new economic relationships. The driving force behind the change was a severe epidemic shock. These findings have substantial, theoretical implications for the model of peasant society commonly applied in Mesoamerica, especially for earlier historical periods.


An Ethnographic Study of Spondylus Use in Coastal Ecuador

Daniel Eric Bauer
Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University–Carbondale

KEY WORDS: Craft production; Culture change; Ecuador; History; Identity; Spondylus

Archaeologists have long noted the importance of Spondylus in the archaeological record of Ecuador. However, no one has attempted to understand contemporary Spondylus use and its relation to the precolumbian past. This research attempts to understand contemporary Spondylus use in coastal Ecuador by focusing on issues of craft production and identity formation. Using an approach that combines both archaeological and ethnographic information, this paper attempts to understand the role of Spondylus craft production in the formation of a localized identity.


The Historical Anthropology of a New Ireland Society

Göran Aijmer
School of Economics and Commercial Law, Gothenburg Research Institute, Göteborg

KEY WORDS: Cultural modalities; Domestic symbolism; Houses; New Ireland;
Social organization

This historically inclined study examines features of habitation and domestic symbolism originally encountered in fieldwork in New Ireland in 1929–1930 by Hortense Powdermaker. It aims to reconstruct important aspects of early social life with a focus on houses as mundane institutions and expressive devices. The examination concerns the organization of shelter into continuous groups and social communities. Men’s houses and women’s houses stood out as symbolic topoi, each evoking a main cultural modality. The respective iconic narrations of these two possible worlds offered radically different solutions to the existential problem of continuity.


Imagining and Contesting Familism in a UAW Local 

Pete Richardson
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

KEY WORDS: Auto industry; Familism; Siblingship; The imaginary; Two-tier system; Unions

Familism, as used by Don Kalb, is a process whereby companies shape families to reproduce a flexible labor force. Familism, I argue, is inseparable from how we imagine the family: the family at work and the work of the family. This paper looks at how familial relatedness, namely union siblingship, played a role in conflict over a two-tier wage system being implemented in a Detroit-area auto plant. Engaging with recent ideas about kinship, social and psychological anthropology, and theories of the imaginary, I treat the UAW local studied as a kind of jural family arising out of a specific, path-dependent history—a family which brings with it rights and obligations, but also a social imagination of those rights and obligations, to the shop floor.


BOOK REVIEWS 

Debra Komar: Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology,
by Linda L. Klepinger

Rebecca Schwendler: Handbook of Archaeological Methods, Vols. I and II,
Herbert D. G. Maschner and Christopher Chippindale, eds.

John F. Hoffecker: Taymyr: The Archaeology of Northernmost Eurasia,
by Leonid P. Khlobystin

Lawrence G. Straus: Los Yacimientos Paleolíticos de Ambrona y
Torralba (Soria): Un Siglo de Investigaciones Arqueológicas, Manuel Santonja and Alfredo Pérez-González, eds.

Marcel Otte: Aesthetics and Rock Art,
Thomas Heyd and John Clegg, eds.

Lawrence G. Straus: Catástrofes en la Prehistoria,
by Jordi Estévez

Marie Balasse: The Zooarchaeology of Fats, Oils, Milk and Dairying,
J. Mulville and A. K. Outram, eds.

Katherine Szabó: Archaeomalacology: Molluscs in Former Environments of Human Behavior,
Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, ed.

Patrick Ryan Williams: Identity and Power in the Ancient Andes: Tiwanaku Cities through Time,
by John Wayne Janusek

William H. Walker: Archaeologies of Materiality, Lynn Meskell, ed.

Patricia A. McAnany: Copán: The History of an Ancient Maya Kingdom,
E. Wyllys Andrews and William L. Fash, eds.

Corrine Hofman: Ancient Borinquen: Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Native Puerto Rico,
Peter E. Siegel, ed.

Andrew I. Duff: Culture and Ecology of Chaco Canyon and the San Juan Basin,
by Frances Joan Mathien

Maria Ostendorf Smith: Archaeology of the Middle Green River Region,Kentucky,
William H. Marquardt and Patty Jo Watson, eds.

Shannon M. Fie: Gathering Hopewell: Society, Ritual, and Ritual Interaction,
Christopher Carr and D. Troy Case, eds.

Otto Santa Ana: Mexican Americans and Language: Del dicho al hecho,
by Glenn A. Martínez

Harry F. Wolcott: Transcription Techniques for the Spoken Word,
by Willow Roberts Powers

Stacey Rucus: Witchcraft, Sorcery, Rumors, and Gossip,
by Pamela J. Stewart and Andrew Strathern

Grant Arndt: Oneida Lives: Long-Lost Voices of the Wisconsin Oneidas,
Herbert S. Lewis, ed.

Larry Nesper: Cultures and Ecologies: A Native Fishing Confl ict on the Saugeen-Bruce Peninsula,
by Edwin C. Koenig

Sylvia Rodríguez: Pilgrimage and Healing,
Jill Dubisch and Michael Winkelman, eds.

Charles V. Carnegie: True-Born Maroons,
by Kenneth Bilby

Nancy J. Parezo: Scientists and Storytellers: Feminist Anthropologists and the Construction of the American Southwest,
by Catherine J. Lavender

Karl Jacoby: Landscapes of Fraud: Mission Tumacácori, the Baca Float, and the Betrayal of the O’odham,
by Thomas E. Sheridan

Rubén O. Martinez: Labor in Cross-Cultural Perspective,
E. Paul Durrenberger and Judith Marti, eds.

Joe Watkins: Ghost Dances and Identity: Prophetic Religion and American Indian Ethnogenesis in the Nineteenth Century,
by Gregory E. Smoak

Jeffrey H. Cohen: Days of Death, Days of Life: Ritual in the Population Culture of Oaxaca,
by Kristin Norget

Kimberly Theidon: Law in a Lawless Land: Diary of a Limpieza in Colombia,
by Michael Taussig

Louise M. Burkhart: Annals of His Time: Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin,
James Lockhart, Susan Schroeder, and Doris Namala, eds.

Meaghan Morris: Culture on Tour: Ethnographies of Travel,
by Edward M. Bruner

Mary Scoggin: Historicizing Online Politics: Telegraphy, the Internet, and Political Participation in China,
by Yongming Zhou

Mary H. Moran: Dilemmas of Culture in African Schools: Youth, Nationalism, and the Transformation of Knowledge,
by Cati Coe

Eugene Hunn: The Categorical Impulse: Essays on the Anthropology of Classifying Behavior,
by Roy Ellen

Frederick H. Smith: Xhosa Beer Drinking Rituals: Power, Practice and Performance in the South African Rural Periphery,
by Patrick A. McAllister

Daniel W. Sellen: Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods: Evolutionary, Developmental, and Cultural Perspectives,
Barry S. Hewlett and Michael E. Lamb, eds.


BOOK NOTE 

David A. Phillips, Jr.: The El Malpais Archeological Survey, Phase I,
Robert B. Powers and Janet D. Orcutt, eds.



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