Leslie G. Freeman, University of Chicago
F. Clark Howell, who died March 10, 2007, aged 81, after a three-month struggle against cancer, was part of our lives for about half a century—and of Susan’s for even longer. Susan’s father, Sol Tax, was a mentor to Clark as a graduate student at the University of Chicago (he received his Ph.D. in 1953) and when he was brought back to join the Chicago faculty in 1955, after serving two years on the anatomy faculty at Washington University in St. Louis.
Lawrence G. Straus, Editor
The place of the Neandertals in human evolution; the Acheulean sites of Isimila (Tanzania) as well as Torralba and Ambrona (Spain); the Australopithecines of the Omo Valley (Ethiopia); Yarimburgaz Cave (Turkey); the Leakey Foundation. These are among the signal areas in which Clark Howell made specific, major contributions to the interdisciplinary field of paleoanthropology, which he and J. Desmond Clark together helped found with their publication of a special issue of American Anthropologist in 1966.
Shelby J. Tisdale
Marjorie Ferguson Lambert, 98, died on December 16, 2006, in Santa Fe, NM. Born in Colorado Springs on June 13, 1908, she earned a BA in Social Anthropology from Colorado College in 1930 and an MA in archaeology and anthropology from the University of New Mexico in 1931.
New Wine in New Bottles: Prospects and Pitfalls of Cultural Primatology
W. C. McGrew
KEY WORDS: Chimpanzee; Cultural primatology; Material culture; Primatology;
Donald K. Grayson
The debate over the cause of North American Pleistocene extinctions may be further from resolution than it has ever been in its 200-year history and is certainly more heated than it has ever been before. Here, I suggest that the reason for this may lie in the fact that paleontologists have not heeded one of the key biogeographic concepts that they themselves helped to establish: that histories of assemblages of species can be understood only be deciphering the history of each individual species within that assemblage. This failure seems to result from assumptions first made about the nature of the North American extinctions during the 1960s.
Anath Ariel de Vidas
Fear of envy plays a central role in the social interactions of a Teenek community in northeastern Mexico, as it influences the daily behavior of its members and inhibits the accumulation of material excess. In this paper, in addition to the socioeconomic explanation of this phenomenon, the symbolic approach to envy provides insights into certain aspects of the group’s sociality because the ramification of envy serves to demarcate the Teenek community. Thus, envy could also prove to be a cognitive means of defining an ethnic group.
KEY WORDS: Amazon; Autarky; Bolivia; Income; Foragers; Horticulturalist;
Economists equate economic self-suffi ciency (autarky) with low income and stress the economic role of social capital as a form of self-insurance in poor rural areas of developing nations. In contrast, anthropologists speak of the “original affluence” of foragers and see social capital as serving economic and social roles. Economists do not work with highly autarkic peoples such as part- or full-time foragers, and cultural anthropologists have not provided formal, comprehensive estimates of income or of the monetary value of social capital in highly autarkic societies. Drawing on data from 611 adults of 244 households in 13 villages of a highly autarkic society of swidden farmers, hunters, and gatherers in the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane’, we present measures of personal income and of the monetary value of social capital. Daily personal income reaches US $2.35– 3.52, which is above the international poverty line of US $1–2, on a par with the income in the rest of Bolivia, and three times higher than the income in the rest of rural Bolivia. The Tsimane’ do not have low income, at least not when compared with their rural neighbors. Social capital in the form of gifts and labor services received from the rest of the village accounted for a small share of daily personal income (<5%) and did not get activated to any great degree when people suffered a mishap. In sum, the study uncovers a more nuanced picture of well-being in a relatively autarkic society. People in such a society enjoy relative affluence, invest in social capital for social more than for economic reasons, but cope with adversity largely on their own.
Vicki Bentley-Condit: Evolution and Culture,
Randall White: Pitture paleolitiche nelle Prealpi Venete: Grotta di
Fumane Riparo Dalmeri,
Lawrence G. Straus: La Cueva de Ardales: Arte prehistórico y
ocupación en el paleolítico superior: Estudios, 1985–2005,
Lawrence G. Straus: De la pierre à l’homme. Essai sur une
Lawrence G. Straus: El sílex en la Cuenca Vasco-Cantábrica
Lawrence G. Straus: Transitions before The Transition: Evolution and
Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age,
Teresa E. Steele: The Faunas of Hayonim Cave, Israel: A 200,000,Year
Record of Paleolithic Diet, Demography, and Society,
Achilles Gautier: Dogs and People in Social, Working, Economic or Symbolic
Daniel S. Amick: Folsom: New Archaeological Investigations of a Classic
Paleoindian Bison Kill,
Julie C. Lowell: Southwest Archaeology in the Twentieth Century,
George R. Milner: Cahokia: A World Renewal Cult Heterarchy,
Timothy R. Pauketat: Leadership and Polity in Mississippian Society,
Sarah B. Barber: Intermediate Elites in Pre-Columbian States and Empires,
Gair Tourtellot: Water and Ritual: The Rise and Fall of Classic Maya
Carl J. Wendt: Farming, Hunting, and Fishing in the Olmec World,
John Edward Terrell: Archaeology of Oceania: Australia and the Pacific
Michael W. Graves: Remote Possibilities,
Deborah M. Pearsall: Ancient Starch Research,
Kevin J. Crisman: X Marks the Spot: The Archaeology of Piracy,
Patrick A. McAllister: Caribbean Rum: A Social and Economic History,
Karl W. Butzer: People and Nature: An Introduction to Human Ecological
Enrique Lamadrid: Brown Eyed Children of the Sun: Lessons from the Chicano
Laura McNamara: The Nuclear Borderlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold
War New Mexico,