Volume 65, Number 1, Abstracts

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The Founder: Remembering Leslie Spier

John Martin Campbell
Professor Emeritus, Department of Anthropology, and Research Professor, Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, University of New Mexico

IF EVER A MAN LOOKED LIKE A COLLEGE PROFESSOR OUGHT TO LOOK, it was Professor Leslie Spier. He was tweedy. As we knew him in the early 1950s,2 when he was in his early sixties (he was born in 1893) and was teaching one semester a year in the Department of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico, he dressed in tailored tweed suits, dark shirts, subdued ties, and brown shoes. A man of slim, medium- short stature, he wore a pencil-line moustache, smoked a pipe, and had a nearly military way of standing and walking. The only somewhat odd thing he wore was a brown felt hat with a wide, flat brim and indented crown, much like an army campaign hat or the style worn by U.S. National Park Service rangers. As for the hat, he once said, “Everyone is entitled to one eccentricity, and this is mine." (continued)

The Successors: Harry Basehart, Stanley Newman, James Spuhler & Philip Bock

Philip K. Bock
Presidential Professor Emeritus, Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico

WALKING DOWN THE HALL IN THE UNM ANTHROPOLOGY BUILDING in the 1960s or early 1970s, you could follow the smell of pipe tobacco to an open door. There you would see Harry Basehart and Stanley Newman huddled over a manuscript or a set of galley proofs for the Southwestern Journal of Anthropology (SWJA), predecessor of the Journal of Anthropological Research. Those days were long before the digital revolution, and most of the work preparing manuscripts for publication was done by hand with blue pencil, plus huge amounts of correspondence (“snail mail”) between editors and authors. Even page proofs were rare, so Harry and Stanley would correct copy the old-fashioned way, one reading the proof and the other checking it against the edited manuscript, inserting instructions to the printers for placements of figures, footnotes, and bibliography. It was exhausting, meticulous work, for both men were still teaching a full load of varied courses. Of course, there was no “extra compensation” for their labor of love. (continued)

The Last Wall To Fall:The Anthropology of Collective Action and Unions in the Global System

E. Paul Durrenberger
Department of Anthropology, Penn State University

KEY WORDS: Collective action; Drug trade; Globalization; Organized labor; Ruling class; Unions; Working class

To show relationships among states, class structures, global process, and locales, I situate the ethnography of Southeast Asia in global events, sketch collective action theory, indicate how it pertains to labor unions in the U.S., and discuss how they were shaped by corporate violence, a corporate cultural revolution, and corporate legislative campaigns. I suggest that the fight to free the “Charleston 5” longshoremen is an example of labor solidarity in the global system and indicate that dockers have built the last wall against neoliberal global markets. I finish with an assessment of the potential for the U.S. labor movement to become a social movement in service of class struggle and end with some comments about both the disheartening role and the potential of the American Anthropological Association in the labor struggle. I add a note to suggest that collective action is an artifact of our evolution and that it is not collective action that needs to be explained so much as departures from it.

Blood and Ink: Treatment Practices of Traditional Palestinian Women Healers in Israel

Ariela Popper-Giveon
Department of Social Work, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel


Jonathan J. Ventura
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

KEY WORDS: Israel; Palestinians; Traditional healing; Women healers

This article addresses the treatment practices of traditional Palestinian women healers in Israel. It begins with a presentation of the treatment practices utilized by women healers and continues with a description of the changes such practices are currently undergoing. The research indicates that some women healers—in particular, those residing in mixed Jewish-Arab cities in the country’s center—are slowly adopting treatment practices identified as masculine: they are abandoning the treatment of problems attributed to natural causes and taking up the treatment of problems attributed to supernatural causes, incorporating treatment practices of a magical or even a religious nature. These tendencies reflect their desire to attain the power and prestige ascribed to their male counterparts. Thus, in this community, the boundaries between feminine and masculine traditional healing, as well as the polarization between the little tradition and the great tradition (sensu Redfield) are not clear-cut, binary, or occurring in a vacuum, but rather contextual, dynamic, hazy, and elusive.

Long-Term (Secular) Change of Ethnobotanical Knowledge of Useful Plants: Separating Cohort and Age Effects

Ricardo Godoy
Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University

Victoria Reyes-García
Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, and ICREA
Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

James Broesch
Department of Anthropology, Emory University

Ian C. Fitzpatrick
Institute of Social & Cultural Anthropology, Oxford University

Peter Giovannini
School of Pharmacy and Department of Pharmacology, University of London

María Ruth Martínez Rodríguez
Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia

Tomás Huanca
CBIDSI (Centro Boliviano de Investigación y de Desarrollo Socio Integral), Bolivia

William R. Leonard and Thomas W. McDade
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University

Susan Tanner
Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia


TAPS Bolivia Study Team

KEY WORDS: Amazon; Ethnobotanical knowledge; Useful plants; Secular change; Tsimane’

Anthropologists, conservation biologists, and psychologists have generally found a long-term (secular) decline of ethnobotanical knowledge among indigenous people. To estimate such knowledge loss, researchers have typically relied on a single cross-sectional data set to (a) measure knowledge among people of different ages, (b) compare measures between ages, and (c) infer a loss of knowledge if the old knew more than the young. We improve on the approach by simultaneously controlling for cohort effects and age effects—the first refers to the effect of the birth period and the second refers to the effect of the life cycle (or aging). Failure to simultaneously control for both effects may produce the misleading impression that the old know more than the young, and the conclusion that the difference reflects a secular loss of knowledge when in fact it may reflect different positions in the life cycle. We use data collected during 2005 from a native Amazonian society of foragers-farmers in Bolivia (Tsimane’) to estimate secular changes in knowledge. Participants included 269 women and 287 men (age ≥20) born 1920–1985. We equate knowledge with theoretical knowledge of useful plants and use cultural consensus to measure knowledge. Multiple regressions were used with knowledge as an outcome and age, birth decade, schooling, and sex as explanatory variables. We find no significant secular change in knowledge in the main analysis, but results were sensitive to (a) the definition and domain of ethnobotanical knowledge and (b) the sample. In the sensitivity analysis we find evidence of a secular increase in knowledge, consistent with the view that knowledge is dynamic and changes.

Exploitation of the Montane Zone of Cantabrian Spain During the Late Glacial: Faunal Evidence from El Mirón Cave

by Ana Belén Marín Arroyo
Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge,
Cambridge, UK.

KEY WORDS: Cantabrian Spain; El Mirón Cave; Faunal remains; Late Glacial; Seasonality; Settlement pattern

Human exploitation of the upper valleys in Cantabrian Spain during the Late Glacial, based on the archaeological record, has been considered peripheral relative to the settlement of the nearby coastal plain. This territorial occupation model assumes that inland sites were used sporadically and logistically. The zooarchaeological analysis undertaken for El Mirón Cave, located in the foothills of the Cantabrian Mountains, represents a turning point in our knowledge of late Paleolithic land use because it revealed evidence for residential functions during the summer. These new data suggest coastal-inland movements which were aimed at maximizing the exploitation of the available resources in the surrounding area. In addition, the taphonomic study of the osseous remains at El Mirón has revealed the existence of a dual economy focused on the two most important taxa in the Late Glacial diet in Cantabrian Spain—red deer and ibex—in contradiction to the classical theory of a specialization in montane species at upper valley sites.

Book Reviews

Review Essay by Salikoko S. Mufwene: Creolization: History, Ethnography, Theory, by Charles Stewart

Bernard Bate: Language, Culture, and Society: Key Topics in Linguistic Anthropology, Christine Jourdan and Kevin Tuite, eds.

R. Lee Lyman: Artifact Classification: A Conceptual and Methodological Approach, by Dwight W. Read

R. Lee Lyman: People and Things: A Behavioral Approach to Material Culture, by James M. Skibo and Michael Brian Schiffer

David Colin Crass: Archaeology and the Media, Timothy Clack and Marcus Brittain, eds.

Christina T. Halperin: Archaeology and Capitalism: From Ethics to Politics, Yannis Hamilakis and Philip Duke, eds.

James H. Burton: Archaeological Chemistry, second ed., by Zvi Goffer

Lawrence G. Straus: La Peña de Estebanvela (Estebanvela-Ayllón, Segovia): Grupos Magdalenienses en el Sur del Duero, Carmen Cacho Quesada, Sergio Ripoll López, and Francisco Muñoz Ibáñez, eds.

Lawrence G. Straus: Le Site Magdalénien de Monruz 2: Etude des Foyers à Partir de l’Analyse des Pierres et de leurs Remontages, by Nicole Plumettaz, with contributions by Denise Leesch and Julia Wattez

David Helgren: The World System and the Earth System: Global Socio- Environmental Change and Sustainability since the Neolithic, Alf Hornborg and Carole L. Crumley, eds.

Alan H. Simmons: Civilizing Climate: Social Responses to Climate Change in the Ancient Near East, by Arlene Miller Rosen

Bryan K. Hanks: The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia, by Philip L. Kohl

Katina T. Lillios: Land, Power, and Prestige: Bronze Age Field Systems in Southern England, by David Thomas Yates

Anne Draffkorn Kilmer: Ancient Board Games in Perspective, I. L. Finkel, ed.

Philip J. Arnold III: The Political Economy of Ancient Mesoamerica: Transformations during the Formative and Classic Periods, Vernon L. Scarborough and John E. Clark, eds.

Zoltán Paulinyi: The Teotihuacan Trinity: The Sociopolitical Structure of an Ancient Mesoamerican City, by Annabeth Headrick

Anna C. Roosevelt: Nukak: Ethnoarchaeology of an Amazonian People, by Gustavo G. Politis

Steven R. Simms: Paleoindian or Paleoarchaic? Great Basin Human Ecology at thePleistocene-Holocene Transition, by Kelly E. Graf and Dave N. Schmitt, eds.

Bruce B. Huckell: The Allen Site, A Paleoindian Camp in Southwestern Nebraska, Douglas B. Bamforth, ed.

Thomas C. Windes: The Chaco Experience, by Ruth Van Dyke

Eric Blinman: New Perspectives on Pottery Mound Pueblo, Polly Schaafsma, ed.

Barbara J. Mills: Josephine Foard and the Glazed Pottery of Laguna Pueblo, by Dwight P. Lanmon, Lorraine Welling Lanmon, and Dominique Coulet du Gard

David Dinwoodie: Athapaskan Migrations: The Archaeology of Eagle Lake, British Columbia, by R. G. Matson and Martin P. R. Magne

Kathleen R. Gibson: The Evolution of Mind: Fundamental Questions and Controversies, Steven Gangestad and Jeffry A. Simpson, eds.

John Edward Terrell: Biology Unmoored: Melanesian Reflections on Life and Biotechnology, by Sandra Bamford

Maureen Trudell Schwarz: Weaving Women’s Lives: Three Generations in a Navajo Family, by Louise Lamphere with Eva Price, Carole Cadman, and Valerie Darwin

Adriana Greci Green: Mediating Knowledges: Origins of a Zuni Tribal Museum, by Gwyneira Isaac

Denis Foley: Iroquois Journey: An Anthropologist Remembers, by William Nelson Fenton. Jack Campisi and William A. Starna, eds.

Shelby J. Tisdale: Casino and Museum: Representing Mashantucket Pequot Identity, by John J. Bodinger de Uriarte

Nan A. Rothschild: Crossroads and Cosmologies: Diasporas and Ethnogenesis in the New World, by Christopher C. Fennell

Peter G. Roe: Taíno Indian Myth and Practice: The Arrival of the Stranger King, by William F. Keegan

Neil L. Whitehead: Violence in the City of Women: Police and Batterers in Bahia, Brazil, by Sarah J. Hautzinger

Michelle Wibbelsman: La Chulla Vida: Gender, Migration, and the Family in Andean Ecuador and New York City, by Jason Pribilsky

Aisha Khan: American Karma: Race, Culture, and Identity in the Indian Diaspora, by Sunil Bhatia

Nobuhiro Kishigami: Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism, and Personhood among the Siberian Yukaghirs, by Rane Willerslev

Michael Herzfeld: Life and Words: Violence and the Descent into the Ordinary, by Veena Das

Raminder Kaur: Gods in the Bazaar: The Economies of Indian Calendar Art, by Kajri Jain

Stephen D. Glazier: The Black Madonna in Latin America and Europe: Tradition and Transformation, by Ma?gorzata Oleszkiewicz-Peralba

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