Volume 66, Number 1, Abstracts

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Remembering Claude Lévi-Strauss
Steven Feld

Hunting Weapons of Neanderthals and Early Modern Humans in South Africa: Similarities and Differences
Paola Villa and and Sylvain Soriano

The Impact of the 8,200 cal BP Climatic Event on Human Mobility Strategies During the Iberian Late Mesolithic
Javier Fernández López de Pablo
Michael A. Jochim

Risk Management Among Native American Horticulturalists of the Southeastern United States (1715–1825)
H. Thomas Foster II

The Life, Death, and Rebirth of a Mapuche Shaman Remembering, Disremembering, and the Willful Transformation of Memory
Ana Mariella Bacigalupo

Book Reviews

Remembering Claude Lévi-Strauss

Steven Feld
University of New Mexico and University of Oslo Department of Anthropology

THE PASSING OF CLAUDE LÉVI-STRAUSS AT AGE 100 ON OCTOBER 30, 2009, bookends but hardly finishes what can only be called one of anthropology’s richest and most complex intellectual biographies and legacies (continued).

Hunting Weapons of Neanderthals and Early Modern Humans in South Africa: Similarities and Differences

Paola Villa
University of Colorado Museum and Institut de Préhistoire et Géologie du Quaternaire, Université Bordeaux, France

Sylvain Soriano
ArScAn, Université Paris Ouest, Nanterre, France

KEY WORDS: Early modern humans, Hunting, Middle Stone Age, Neanderthals, South Africa, Western Europe

Recent research has shown that Neanderthals were not inferior hunters and that their hunting weapons were similar to those used by broadly contemporaneous early modern human populations of South Africa. The oldest known spears are from the site of Schöningen, Germany (about 350–300 kya). However, the hunting equipment of Neanderthals was not limited to simple wooden spears. In western Europe, lithic spear points date as far back as Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 6 (ca. 185–130 kya) and are documented from four sites. In South Africa, four Upper Pleistocene Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites (from 75 to 38 kya) have provided assemblages of unifacial and foliate points comparable in shape and hafting position to the European ones. Both kinds of assemblages indicate the use of hand-delivered spears. The backed pieces of Howiesons Poort (65 to 59 kya) are a type of composite weapon armature that has no equivalent in the Neanderthal hunting equipment, at least until the Châtelperronian (35 kya). The smaller pieces are suggested to have been used as transverse arrowheads. Based on detailed technological, morphometric, and impact scar analyses of backed pieces from Klasies River Main Site Cave 1A, Sibudu, and Rose Cottage, we suggest instead that the backed pieces were an innovative way of hafting spears but are not evidence of the invention of bows and arrows. Stronger evidence for the use of bows and arrows seems to occur only about 20,000 years later, in South Africa and in the Near East.

The Impact of the 8,200 Cal Climatic Event on Human Mobility Strategies During the Iberian Late Mesolithic

Javier Fernández López de Pablo
Department of Anthropology, University of California–Santa Barbara

Michael A. Jochim
University of California–Santa Barbara

KEY WORDS: Climate change, Holocene, Late Mesolithic, Mobility, Radiocarbon dating, Settlement, Spain

Recent marine and lake core studies in the Western Mediterranean Basin and Iberia have changed the traditional perception of Holocene climate change. Particularly important in this region, the 8,200 cal BP event is marked by colder and more arid conditions. During this episode, we identify a pattern of abandonment episodes at five Late Mesolithic sites. We suggest that such desertion episodes are correlated with adjustments in the logistic mobility system undertaken in the context of broader structural changes in regional settlement organization.

Risk Management Among Native American Horticulturalists of the Southeastern United States (1715–1825)

H. Thomas Foster II
Department of Anthropology and Antonio J. Waring, Jr. Archaeological Laboratory
University of West Georgia

KEY WORDS: Archaeology, Horticulture, Muscogee Creek, Optimal foraging theory, Risk management, Southeastern United States

In this paper I review risk management and horticultural production among the Muscogee Creek of southeastern North America (1715–1825) in an attempt to understand decisions about land use. The z-score model and the marginal value theorem are developed, incorporating the effects of population growth among consumers and confounding variables that result from long-term resource consumption. The study calculated the annual productivity of horticultural fields of the Muscogee town of Cussetuh between 1715 and 1825 and found that the native people were not maximizing long-term average maize yield. The Cussetuh ceased using their horticultural fields sooner than a marginal value model would predict, which is consistent with the z-score model of a risk-sensitive consumer. I discuss implications of the finding that the Southeastern Native Americans were risk sensitive.

The Life, Death, and Rebirth of a Mapuche Shaman Remembering, Disremembering, and the Willful Transformation of Memory

Ana Mariella Bacigalupo
Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo

KEY WORDS: Biography, Chile, Historical consciousness, Historicity, Mapuche, Shamanism, Social memory, Time

I draw on ethnographic and archival material collected between 1991 and 2008 to explore the story of a Mapuche shaman in her community in southern Chile and illuminate the ways in which particular marginalized groups see themselves in time. Francisca Colipi’s unique position as both an anomalous, liminal outsider and a powerful mediator between internal community factions and ethnicities makes her biography a productive place from which to view Millali’s conflicted history. Through Francisca’s experiences in her community I explore how Mapuche shamanic historical consciousness is produced and mobilized, how shamanic narratives of the past construct the present and rewrite local history, and how change and its agents are conceived of in shamanic practice. An analysis of Mapuche shamanic historical consciousness through Francisca’s life, death, and rebirth offers a new understanding of the relationship between indigenous agency and national history, remembering and disremembering, and individual and collective memory.

Book Reviews

Shanshan Du: Doing Business in Rural China: Liangshan’s New Economic Entrepreneurs, by Thomas Heberer

Sara L. Friedman: Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng’s China, by Susan Greenhalgh

Helen Siu: Uneasy Reunions: Immigration, Citizenship, and Family Life in Post-1997 Hong Kong, by Nicole Dejong Newendorp

Mark Whitaker: Crucible of Conflict: Tamil and Muslim Society on the East Coast of Sri Lanka, by Dennis B. McGilvray

David F. Lancy: The Circulation of Children: Kinship, Adoption, and Morality in Andean Peru, by Jessaca B. Leinaweaver

Benjamin Campbell: The Everyday Life of Young Children: Culture, Class and Childrearing in Diverse Cultures, by Jonathan Tudge

Peter S. Cahn: The Sun God and the Savior: The Christianization of the Nahua and Totonac in the Sierra Norte de Puebla, Mexico, by Guy Stresser-Péan

Roberto J. González: A Zapotec Natural History: Trees, Herbs, and Flowers, Birds, Beasts, and Bugs in the Life of San Juan Gbëë, by Eugene S. Hunn

Ronda L. Brulotte: The World of Lucha Libre: Secrets, Revelations, and Mexican National Identity, by Heather Levi

Robin M. Wright: Hans Staden’s True History: An Account of Cannibal Captivity in Brazil, by Hans Staden; Neil L. Whitehead and Michael Harbsmeier, eds. and trans.

Walter E. Little: Countering Development: Indigenous Modernity and the Moral Imagination, by David D. Gow

Jan Hoffman French: Dilemmas of Modernity: Bolivian Encounters with Law and Liberalism, by Mark Goodale

Timothy Rommen: Bacchanalian Sentiments: Musical Experiences and Political Counterpoints in Trinidad, by Kevin Birth

Philip Carl Salzman: Camps of the Tundra: Politics through Reindeer among Saami Pastoralists, by Robert Paine

David H. Price: Difficult Folk? A Political History of Social Anthropology, by David Mills

David Sutton: Networks of Power in Modern Greece: Essays in Honor of John Campbell, Mark Mazower, ed.

Hjorleifur Jonsson: Knowing How to Know: Fieldwork and the Ethnographic Present, Narmala Halstead, Eric Hirsch, and Judith Okely, eds

Caroline B. Brettell: Being There: The Fieldwork Encounter and the Making of Truth, John Borneman and Abdellah Hammoudi, eds

Bianca Isaki: Hawaiian Blood: Colonialism and the Politics of Sovereignty and Indigeneity, by J. Ke»haulani Kauanui

Hildi Hendrickson: The Worldwide History of Dress, by Patricia Rieff Anawalt

Paul V. Kroskrity: When Languages Die: The Extinction of the World’s Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge, by K. David Harrison

Teresa E. Steele: Man the Hunted: Primates, Predators, and Human Evolution, by Donna Hart and Robert W. Sussman

Ann V. Buchanan and Kenneth M. Weiss: Owen’s Ape and Darwin’s Bulldog: Beyond Darwinism and Creationism, by Christopher E. Cosans

Lawrence J. Hammar: The Collectors of Lost Souls: Turning Kuru Scientists into Whitemen, by Warwick Anderson

Charles W. Nuckolls: House of Mourning: A Biocultural History of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, by Shannon A. Novak

Joe Watkins: Collaborating at the Trowel’s Edge: Teaching and Learning in Indigenous Archaeology, Stephen W. Silliman, ed.

Randall H. McGuire: Memory Work: Archaeologies of Material Practices, Barbara J. Mills and William H. Walker, eds.

Lynn B. Harris: Gold Rush Port: The Maritime Archaeology of San Francisco’s Waterfront, by James P. Delgado

Douglas H. Ubelaker: Reanalysis and Reinterpretation in Southwestern Bioarchaeology, Ann L. Stodder, ed.

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