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ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Volume 66, Number 3, Abstracts


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Contents

European Contact and the Contemporary Household Demography of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona
Stephen J. Kunitz and Bill G. Douglas

Cross-Cultural Implications for Ancestral Puebloan Agriculture in the Mojave Desert
Gregory M. Haynes

Regionalism and Social Landscape as Inferred from an Ethnoarchaeological Study of Pottery Production in Jordan
Nabil Ali

The Myth of American Selfhood and Emotion: Raising a Sociocentric Child among Middle-Class Americans
Junehui Ahn

Book Reviews


European Contact and the Contemporary Household Demography of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona

Stephen J. Kunitz
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque.

Bill G. Douglas
Los Ranchos de Albuquerque, NM

KEY WORDS: Pueblo Indians, Demography, Population, Education, Income, Social organization

ABSTRACT: Differences in contact with Europeans have shaped Pueblo Indian religious practices and social organization. Less attention has been paid to the impact on contemporary demography. Eastern Pueblos who had settled in areas that were especially attractive for farming have had the most intense contacts compared with both the Rio Grande Keresans and the Western Pueblos. As a result, compared with the latter two groups, Eastern Pueblo populations and reservations are smaller; a higher proportion of residents on reservations are non-Indians; and they have significantly smaller average household sizes. Among Eastern Pueblos neither income nor education is correlated with household size. Among the other Pueblos, income and education are inversely correlated with household size. The relative intensity of contact with Europeans has shaped demographic patterns in measurably different ways.


Cross-Cultural Implications for Ancestral Puebloan Agriculture in the Mojave Desert

Gregory M. Haynes
Public Lands Institute, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

KEY WORDS: Ancestral Pueblo, Virgin Anasazi, Agriculture, Acephalous villages, Crosscultural comparisons, Arid environments, Mojave Desert

ABSTRACT: Puebloan peoples in most times and places used various dry farm agricultural techniques to produce their crops. Related prehistoric populations who once lived in the Mojave Desert, however, had to rely on riverine agriculture owing to the region’s extreme aridity. Because there currently is no direct evidence of how Puebloans living in the Mojave Desert practiced agriculture, their specific techniques can only be inferred. A cross-cultural review of non-industrialized groups living in similar settings, both in the Mojave Desert and elsewhere, is presented in order to explore the range of methods that could have been used by the eleventh-century community of Pueblo Grande de Nevada. Although floodplain irrigation was more than likely practiced to some degree, flood recession agriculture is offered here as an alternative technique that resolves critical problems posed by the natural and sociological setting. Other findings from the cross-cultural review include implications about the facilities constructed, overall reliance on agriculture, labor and authority, and the rise and fall of the Pueblo Grande de Nevada community.


Regionalism and Social Landscape as Inferred from an Ethnoarchaeological Study of Pottery Production in Jordan

Nabil Ali
Department of Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, University of Jordan, Amman,

KEY WORDS: Ethnoarchaeology, Pottery production, Patterning in material culture, Jordan, Neolithic

ABSTRACT: In this paper, an ethnoarchaeological study of pottery from Jordan is used to highlight the importance of the context of production and technique in order to gain a better understanding of the formation of a distinct prehistoric cultural region and its social components. Stylistic differences are delimited by technological characteristics, and understanding the technological process of object-making is vital in searching for and explaining patterns in material culture. Different production units can be responsible for different pottery forms, rather than the pottery being attributed to different cultures. Moreover, the context of production has a substantial effect on the end product, which conflicts with normative interpretations of presence/absence patterns of material culture. Focusing on the social dimension of a region enables identification of the social producers and an understanding of how they can be differentiated, even when they share the same technical structures in producing material culture. This study is based on ethnoarchaeological observations among traditional potters in modern-day Jordan and the results are used to analyze Neolithic pottery from the same country.


The Myth of American Selfhood and Emotion: Raising a Sociocentric Child among Middle-Class Americans

Junehui Ahn
Department of Urban Sociology, University of Seoul
Seoul, Korea,

KEY WORDS: Self, Emotion, Socialization, American middle-class

ABSTRACT: In this article, I examine the concepts of the self and emotion reflected in American middle-class socialization practices. Detailed ethnographic description of everyday socialization practices in an American middle-class preschool shows that contrary to the characterization that American notions of self and emotion are predominantly individualistic and egocentric, middle-class socialization practices are highly oriented toward developing sociocentric values such as niceness, cooperation, social appropriateness, empathy, friendship, politeness, and manners. I argue that the dichotomous model of self and emotion that consists of only two types—an egocentric Western self and a sociocentric non-Western self—fails to adequately describe variations and complexity in American experiences of self and emotion. The article contributes to a growing body of research that critically discusses the bipolarized model and argues for inherent dynamism and heterogeneity in our conceptions of the self and emotions.


Book Reviews

Ian Hodder: Material Cultures, Material Minds: The Impact of Things on Human Thought, Society, and Evolution, by Nicole Boivin

Randall H. McGuire: Cosmopolitan Archaeologies, Lynn Meskell, ed.

David W. Anthony: The Horse in Human History, by Pita Kelekna

Elisabeth V. Culley and Geoffrey A. Clark: The Rise of Homo sapiens: The Evolution of Modern Thinking, by Frederick L. Coolidge and Thomas Wynn

John J. Shea: The Lithic Assemblages of Qafzeh Cave, by Erella Hovers

Lawrence G. Straus: The Cave of Fontéchevade: Recent Excavations and their Paleoanthropological Implications, by Philip G. Chase, André Debénath, Harold L. Dibble, and Shannon P. McPherron

Lawrence G. Straus: Anthropology without Informants: Collected Works in Paleoanthropology, by L. G. Freeman

John F. Hoffecker: Human-Nature Relations and the Historical Backgrounds of Hunter-Gatherer Cultures in Northeast Asian Forests: Russian Far East and Northeast Japan, Shiro Sasaki, ed.

Teresa E. Steele: The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa: A Comprehensive Guide, by Pamela R. Willoughby

Li Min: Prehistoric Societies on the Northern Frontiers of China: Archaeological Perspectives on Identity Formation and Economic Change during the First Millennium BCE, by Gideon Shelach

John E. Clark: Mesoamerican Figurines: Small-Scale Indices of Large-Scale Social Phenomena, Christina T. Halperin, Katherine A. Faust, Rhonda Taube, and Aurore Giguet, eds.

Arlen F. Chase: The Monuments of Piedras Negras, an Ancient Maya City, by Flora Simmons Clancy

Winifred Creamer: Drink, Power, and Society in the Andes, Justin Jennings and Brenda J. Bowser, eds.

William F. Keegan: Caciques and Cemí Idols: The Web Spun by Taíno Rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, by José R. Oliver

Richard Flint: The Search for Mabila: The Decisive Battle between Hernando de Soto and Chief Tascalusa, Vernon James Knight, Jr., ed.

Joe Lally: Fire: The Spark that Ignited Human Evolution, by Frances D. Burton

James C. M. Ahern: The Human Lineage, by Matt Cartmill and Fred H. Smith

Douglas H. Ubelaker: Paleopathology, by Tony Waldron

Ann M. Palkovich: The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, by D. Troy Case and Christopher Carr

Les W. Field: Ethnographies and Archaeologies: Iterations of the Present, Lena Mortensen and Julie Hollowell, eds.

Kathleen Fine-Dare: Yaqui Homeland and Homeplace: The Everyday Production of Ethnic Identity, by Kirsten C. Erickson

Robert V. Kemper: Border Crossings: Transnational Americanist Anthropology, Kathleen S. Fine-Dare and Steven L. Rubenstein, eds.

Christina Schwenkel: Enduring Socialism: Explorations of Revolution and Transformation, Restoration and Continuation, Harry G. West and Parvathi Raman, eds.

Daniel T. Linger: Legacies of Race: Identities, Attitudes, and Politics in Brazil, by Stanley R. Bailey

Karen J. Brison: In God’s Image: The Metaculture of Fijian Christianity, by Matt Tomlinson

Damon Salesa: Native Men Remade: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Hawai’i, by Ty P. K?wika Tengan

Jeanne Simonelli: Developing Zapatista Autonomy: Conflict and NGO Involvement in Rebel Chiapas, by Niels Barmeyer

James H. Smith: Mortgaging the Ancestors: Ideologies of Attachment in Africa, by Parker Shipton

Warren Shapiro: Fanti Kinship and the Analysis of Kinship Terminologies, by David B. Kronenfeld

Leighton C. Peterson: Native American Language Ideologies: Beliefs, Practices, and Struggles in Indian Country, Paul V. Kroskrity and Margaret C. Field, eds.

 



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