Volume 67, Number 2, Abstracts

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William R. Farrand (1931–2011)

The Global South and World Dis/Order
Walter D. Mignolo

Gender, Power, and Mobility Among the Aaá-Guajá (Maranhão, Brazil)
Almudena Hernando, Gustavo Politis, Alfredo González Ruibal , Elizabeth Beserra Coelho

Frontier Animal Husbandry in the Northeast and East African Neolithic: A Multiproxy Paleoenvironmental and Paleodemographic Study
David K. Wright

The Salamanca Warriors: A Case Study of an “Exception to the Rule”
Michael Taylor

Book Reviews

William R. Farrand (1931–2011)

The Global South and World Dis/Order

Walter D. Mignolo
Center for Global Studies and the Humanities, Duke University

KEY WORDS: Nomos, Colonial matrix of power, Decoloniality, Global South, Global Linear Thinking, Rewesternization, Dewesternization

ABSTRACT: The “Global South” is a fashionable expression. It appears in academic journals, in the title of university academic centers, among activists around the world. I argue that from the perspective of capitalism and expansion of Western values, the “Global South” is the location to be developed economically and liberated from non-democratic regimes. From the perspective of the emerging political society, the “Global South” is where liberation from Western democratic rhetoric to justify economic takeover and cultural management is taking place. I show how the very concept of “Global South” came about, replacing that of the “Third World” after the collapse of the Soviet Union. I end the article by mapping five trajectories, discernible in the present, that are orienting global futures and I further argue that they cannot be understood properly without understanding the economic, political, and epistemic conflict that make the “Global South” a current location of global conflicts.

Gender, Power, and Mobility Among the Aaá-Guajá (Maranhão, Brazil)

Almudena Hernando
Departamento de Prehistoria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Gustavo Politis CONICET–Universidad del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alfredo González Ruibal CSIC, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Elizabeth Beserra Coelho Universidad Federal do Maranhão, Brazil

KEY WORDS: Awá, Guajá, Egalitarian societies, Gender, Personhood, Symbolic power

ABSTRACT: The Awá (also known as Guajá) are hunter-gatherers whose way of life prior to their first contact with Brazilian society has been altered after relocation to a reservation. Basically, their mobility is reduced and they have been forced to start cultivation. Although these changes are beginning to affect women’s social role, the traditional power relationships can still be inferred from the present conditions. The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to argue that, in otherwise “egalitarian” societies, the differences in physical mobility involved in the complementary tasks carried out by men and women may account for gender inequality on the symbolic domain, given that mobility is a key factor in the construction of personhood in contexts of “relational,” non-individualized identity; and (2) to check the validity of that assumption in the light of fieldwork data about gender relationships among the Awá-Guajá.

Frontier Animal Husbandry in the Northeast and East African Neolithic: A Multiproxy Paleoenvironmental and Paleodemographic Study

David K. Wright
Seoul National University, Department of Archaeology and Art History, Seoul, Korea

KEY WORDS: Pastoralism, East Africa, Neolithic, Frontier, Paleoenvironments, Epizootic diseases

ABSTRACT: Domesticated animals spread from their ancestral heartland in northern Africa and southwestern Asia into eastern and southern Africa after 4000 BP. Three theories account for the relatively slow spread of domesticated animals into the southern latitudes between 4000 and 3000 BP. The first theory posits that arid climates hindered the dispersal of domesticated animals beyond the Lake Turkana basin until pluvial conditions set in after 3000 BP. The second theory argues that epizootic diseases were the inhibiting factors. Finally, indigenous cultural reticence to alter their primary modes of subsistence in favor of animal husbandry accords with the archaeological data from sites that date to this period. A single normative paradigm explaining the shift from a primarily foraging subsistence economy to one that relied heavily on domesticates is unlikely. This review of the current archaeological and paleoenvironmental state of knowledge finds the “static frontier” likely resulted from a combination of all of these factors.

The Salamanca Warriors: A Case Study of an “Exception to the Rule”

Michael Taylor
Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Native American Studies, Colgate University

KEY WORDS: Native Americans, Mascots, Sports, Public education, Cultural appropriation, Education policies, Identity, Traditions

ABSTRACT: Within the larger context of global concerns over representations of indigenous peoples by their colonizers, the issue of racialized sports team mascots based on the White Man’s image of Native Americans has been hotly contested within the United States for several decades. After much protest, team names and mascots have been successfully changed at numerous universities. In contrast to these more visible examples, this case study of Salamanca Central High School (New York) and its athletic teams, the Warriors, represents a contrary example because in this community both Native and non-Native people associated with the school are fighting to keep the Indian iconography connected with its teams.

Book Reviews

Kenneth M. Weiss: The Evolution of the Human Mind: From Supernaturalism to Naturalism, an Anthropological Perspective, by Robert L. Carneiro

Kathleen R. Gibson: The Cognitive Life of Things: Recasting the Boundaries of the Mind, Lambros Malafouris and Colin Renfrew, eds.

Frances Hayashida: The Archaeology of Environmental Change: Socionatural Legacies of Degradation and Resilience, Christopher T. Fisher, Brett J. Hill, and Gary M. Feinman, eds.

George H. Odell: Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology: Examining Technology through Production and Use, Jeffrey R. Ferguson, ed.

Joe Watkins: Across a Great Divide: Continuity and Change in Native North American Societies, 1400–1900, Laura L. Scheiber and Mark D. Mitchell, eds.

Patrick Thomas Hajovsky: In the Palace of Nezahualcoyotl: Painting Manuscripts, Writing the Pre-Hispanic Past in Early Colonial Period Tetzcoco, Mexico, by Eduardo de J. Douglas

Alicia Jiménez: Material Culture and Social Identities in the Ancient World, Shelley Hales and Tamar Hodos, eds.

Brian Hayden: Trend, Tradition and Turmoil: What Happened to the Southeastern Archaic? David Hurst Thomas and Matthew C. Sanger, eds.

Robert P. Connolly: Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes, A. Martin Byers and DeeAnne Wymer, eds.

Ted Goebel: The Archaeology of the Eastern Nevada Paleoarchaic, Part I: The Sunshine Locality, by Charlotte Beck and George T. Jones

Thomas Windes: Leaving Mesa Verde: Peril and Change in the Thirteenth-Century Southwest, Timothy A. Kohler, Mark D. Varien, and Aaron M. Wright, eds.

Paola Villa: Peninj: A Research Project on Human Origins (1995–2005), Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Luis Alcalá, and Luis Luque, eds.

Lawrence G. Straus: Chert Quarrying, Lithic Technology and a Modern Human Burial at the Palaeolithic Site of Taramsa 1, Upper Egypt, by Philip Van Peer, Pierre M. Vermeersch, and Etienne Paulissen

Lawrence G. Straus: The Magdalenian Household: Unraveling Domesticity. Ezra Zubrow, Françoise Audouze, and James Enloe, eds.

Lawrence G. Straus: Arte Prehistórico al Aire Libre en el Sur de Europa, J. J. Alcolea and Rodrigo de Balbín, eds.

Lenore A. Grenoble: Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, Christopher Moseley, ed.

Hazel Tucker: The Heritage-Scape: UNESCO, World Heritage, and Tourism, by Michael A. Di Giovine.

Amy L. Brandzel and Jara M. Carrington: Homo Phobias: Lust and Loathing across Time and Space, David A. B. Murray, ed.

Larry Evers: Traditions of the Osage: Stories Collected and Translated by Francis La Flesche, Garrick Bailey, ed.

Emily Lena Jones: Inside the Eagle’s Head: An American Indian College, by Angelle Khachadoorian

Ellen E. Bell: The Ch’orti’ Maya Area: Past and Present, Brent E. Metz, Cameron L. McNeil, and Kerry M. Hull, eds.

R. McKenna Brown: Maya Ethnolinguistic Identity: Violence, Cultural Rights, and Modernity in Highland Guatemala, by Brigittine M. French

Marianne Schmink: This Land Is Ours Now: Social Mobilization and the Meanings of Land in Brazil, by Wendy Wolford

Jeffrey A. Sluka: Violent Democracies in Latin America, Enrique Desmond Arias and Daniel M. Goldstein, eds.

Cati Coe: Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migration in Comparative Perspective, by Takeyuki Tsuda.

Kamala Visweswaran: Cultures of Servitude: Modernity, Domesticity, and Class in India, by Raka Ray and Seemin Qayum.

Diane P. Mines: Crooked Stalks: Cultivating Virtue in South India, by Anand Pandian

Stephen A. Tyler: India: A Brief History of a Civilization, by Thomas R. Trautmann

Sandya Hewamanne: Working the Night Shift: Women in India’s Call Center Industry, by Reena Patel

Steve Striffler: The Anthropology of Labor Unions, E. Paul Durrenberger and Karaleah S. Reichart, eds.

Michael Herzfeld: Cosmos, Life, and Liturgy in a Greek Orthodox Village, by Juliet du Boulay

Gretchen E. Schafft: Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany, by Andrew D. Evans

Pita Kelekna: Author’s Correction of Facts


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