Volume 67, Number 3, Abstracts

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Distinguished Lectures


Lewis Roberts Binford (November 21, 1931–April 11, 2011)
Lew Binford Deserves More Than the Usual Obituary

Lawrence Straus, Luis Alberto Borrero, Rosalind Hunter-Anderson, William Longacre, David Meltzer, Dwight Read, Jeremy Sabloff, Fred Wendorf. With thanks to Amber Johnson, Martha Binford, and June-el Piper for information and editorial suggestions.

How the CIA and Pentagon Harnessed Anthropological Research During the Second World War And Cold War with Little Critical Notice
David H. Price

The Construction and Performance of Kingship in The Neo-Assyrian Empire
Bradley J. Parker

The Semiotics of Powerful Places: Rock Art and Landscape Relations in the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico
Felice S. Wyndham

Telling Stories Making History, Place, and Identity on The Little Bighorn
Debra Buchholtz

Book Reviews

Lewis Roberts Binford (November 21, 1931–April 11, 2011)
Lew Binford Deserves More Than the Usual Obituary

Lawrence Straus
University of New Mexico Department of Anthropology

Luis Alberto Borrero
IMHICIHU, CONICET Buenos Aires, Argentina

Rosalind Hunter-Anderson
University of New Mexico Department of Anthropology

William Longacre
University of Arizona School of Anthropology

David Meltzer
Southern Methodist University Department of Anthropology

Dwight Read
University of California, Los Angeles Department of Anthropology

Jeremy Sabloff
Santa Fe Institute

Fred Wendorf
Southern Methodist University Department of Anthropology

With thanks to Amber Johnson, Martha Binford, and June-el Piper for information and editorial suggestions.

How The CIA and Pentagon Harnessed Anthropological Research During The Second World War And Cold War With Little Critical Notice

David H. Price
Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Saint Martin’s University

KEY WORDS: Cold War anthropology, CIA, History of anthropology

Abstract: This paper explores a broad range of ways in which anthropological research was linked to military and intelligence agencies during the Cold War, and it examines evidence and implications of the 1976 findings by the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (chaired by Senator Frank Church) that during the 1950s and 1960s “massive” amounts of international research were covertly funded by the CIA. The reasons anthropologists did not more critically consider why or how their work aligned with the interests of the CIA and Pentagon are considered, and the implications of post–World War II disciplinary decisions to ignore political dimensions of research in favor of ethical considerations are discussed.

The Construction and Performance of Kingship In The Neo-Assyrian Empire

Bradley J. Parker
Department of History, University of Utah

KEY WORDS: Ancient Near East, Assyrian empire, Elites, Ideology, Kingship, Legitimacy

Abstract: The institution of kingship is such an important component of ancient societies as to be considered nearly universal by many scholars. In spite of this, discussions of kingship, especially in the ancient Near East, are surprisingly rare in the scholarly literature. Furthermore, the nature of the data pertaining to the Neo- Assyrian Empire, which includes a vast textual corpus and rich archaeological remains, means that this data set is often difficult for non-specialists to access. The goal of this paper is to reexamine and synthesize some well-known arguments, combine them with a number of new ideas about how kingship was constructed and performed in the Neo-Assyrian Empire, and present the resulting analysis to a wider, anthropologically oriented audience. To do so, I step back from the philological minutiae that so often hinder the cross-cultural or interregional integration of Near Eastern data to examine three easily comparable structural components of kingship: ideology, legitimacy, and implementation.

The Semiotics of Powerful Places: Rock Art and Landscape Relations in The Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico

Felice S. Wyndham
Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada

KEY WORDS: Apache rock art, Cultural landscapes, Identity and material culture, Memory and history, Rarámuri rock art, Sierra Tarahumara, Uto-Aztecan/Athabascan exchange corridors

PALABRAS CLAVES: Arte rupestre Rarámuri, Arte rupestre Apache, paisajes culturales, Sierra Tarahumara, corredores de intercambio Uto-Azteca/Atabasco, memoria e historia, identidad e historia material.

Abstract: In northern Mexico, Sierra Tarahumara rock art sites are places of power, danger, reward, and transformation in both Rarámuri and mestizo worlds. Situated in places rich in symbolism, relationship, affect, and embodied history, the semiotics of rock art are interpreted and re-invented by contemporary Rarámuri, non- Rarámuri locals, tourists, and anthropologists. Rock art provokes narratives of local history, past interactions with other peoples (especially Apache/Ndee), and complex identity narratives. Though there is insufficient evidence to determine authorship of most of the rock art in the Sierra Tarahumara, some of it was certainly created by Rarámuri people in the past and present, and some is likely Apache/Ndee. Based on descriptions of rock art as personal marks made by owirúames (Rarámuri healers) and wa’rura (elders), I hypothesize a uniting theme for much of the rock art, as signaling the practices, experiences, and relationships of individual healers, and a reanimation of narratives of deep history.

Resumen: En el norte de México, los sitios de arte rupestre de la Sierra Tarahumara son lugares de poder, peligro, gratificación y transformación, tanto para el mundo Rarámuri como mestizo. Situados en lugares ricos en simbolismos, relaciones, influencias e historias personificadas, la semiótica del arte rupestre es interpretada y reinventada por Rarámuris contemporáneos, locales no-Rarámuris, turistas y antropólogos. El arte rupestre provoca narrativas de historia local, de interacciones pasadas con otros pueblos (especialmente Apache/Ndees) y narrativas complejas de identidad. Aunque existe evidencia insuficiente para determinar la autoría de la mayoría del arte rupestre en la Sierra Tarahumara, parte de éste fue claramente creado por el pueblo Rarámuri en el pasado y presente, y parte es probablemente Apache/Ndees. Basado en las descripciones del arte rupestre relatadas como marcas personales por owirúames (curanderos Rarámuri) y wa’rura (ancianos), presento como hipótesis un tema unificador para gran parte del arte rupestre como señal de prácticas, experiencias y relaciones de curanderos individuales, y como una revitalización de narrativas de profundidad histórica.

Telling Stories Making History, Place, and Identity on The Little Bighorn

Debra Buchholtz
Independent Scholar, Banbury, UK.

KEY WORDS: Crow Indians, Identity, History, Place, Little Bighorn, Reenactment, Dialogue

Abstract: Many anthropologists now conceptualize tradition and identity, and the relationship between the two, as emergent and contingent. This article expands that constructivist project by theorizing history and place in much the same way. It describes how the people who live in and visit the Little Bighorn area of Montana have used the past and the landscape to fix themselves in the present and shape their future. Attention focuses on the co-constitution of history, place, and social identity within the discursive space opened by Custer’s legendary last stand and, most particularly, on the dialogue among three versions of the battle story presented to the paying public in the 1990s: the story told at the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument and in two competing battle reenactments. The analysis offered demonstrates that the Little Bighorn past is neither shared nor fixed but is continually and strategically reconstituted in the present.

Book Reviews

Curtis M. Hinsley: Anthropology and the Racial Politics of Culture, by Lee D. Baker   

Regna Darnell: Glimpses into My Own Black Box: An Exercise in Self Deconstruction, by George W. Stocking, Jr

David H. Price: Militarizing Culture: Essays on the Warfare State, by Roberto J. González.

Susan Tax Freeman: Adventures in Eating: Anthropological Experiences in Dining from around the World, Helen R. Haines and Clare A. Sammells, eds.

Marc A. Brightman: Anthropologies of Guayana: Cultural Spaces in Northeastern Amazonia, Neil L. Whitehead and Stephanie W. Alemán, eds.

Fernando Santos-Granero: Strange Enemies: Indigenous Agency and Scenes of Encounters in Amazonia, by Aparecida Vilaça

Joan Bamberger: New Immigrants, New Land: A Study of Brazilians in Massachusetts, by Ana Cristina Braga Martes, (translated by Beth Ransdell Vinkler).

Steven Rubenstein: Customizing Indigeneity: Paths to a Visionary Politics in Peru, by Shane Greene

Kristin Adler and Ronda Brulotte: Travelers to the Other World: A Maya View of North America, by Romin Teratol and Antzelmo Péres

Laura Hernandez-Ehrisman: The Santa Fe Fiesta Reinvented: Staking Ethno- Nationalist Claims to a Disappearing Homeland, by Sarah Bronwen Horton

Joseph W. Whitecotton: Land of Disenchantment: Latino/a Identities and Trans formations in Northern New Mexico, by Michael L. Trujillo

Les Field: Defying the Odds: The Tule River Tribes’ Struggle for Sovereignty in
Three Centuries,
by Gelya Frank and Carole Goldberg

S. Matthew DeSpain: Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian
Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South,
Robbie Ethridge and Sherri M. Shuck-Hall, eds.

Julia Meredith Hess: Arrested Histories: Tibet, the CIA, and a Forgotten War, by Carole McGranahan

Rosalind L. Hunter-Anderson: Lines That Connect: Rethinking Pattern and Mind in the Pacific, by Graeme Were

Liza Gijanto: African Homecoming: Pan-African Ideology and Contested Heritage, by Katharina Schramm

Bryan Cummins: Social and Ecological History of the Pyrenees: State, Market,
Landscape, Ismael Vaccaro and Oriol Beltran, eds.
Meredith B. Linn: Critical Historical Archaeology, by Mark P. Leone

Marvin Kay: Prehension and Hafting Traces on Flint Tools: A Methodology, by Veerle Rots

Barbara Voytek: Lithic Technology in Metal Using Societies: Proceedings of a UISPP Workshop, Lisbon, September 2006, Berit Valentin Eriksen, ed.

Michael Chazan: Les Industries Lithiques Archaïques de Barranco León et de Fuente Nueva 3: Orce, Bassin de Gaudix-Baza, Andalousie, by Isidro Toro Moyano, Henry de Lumley, Pascal Barrier, Deborah Barsky, Dominique Cauche, Vincenzo Celiberti, Sophie Grégoire, Fréderic Lebègue, Brahim Mestour, and Marie-Hélène Moncel

Lawrence G. Straus: South-Eastern Mediterranean Peoples between 130,000 and 10,000 Years Ago, Elena A. A. Garcea, ed.

Lawrence G. Straus: El Paleolítico Superior Peninsular. Novedades del Siglo XXI, Xavier Mangado, ed.

Peter S. Wells: Neolithic to Saxon Social and Environmental Change at Mount Farm, Berinsfield, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, by George Lambrick

Jonathan Mark Kenoyer: The Ancient Indus: Urbanism, Economy, and Society, by Rita P. Wright

Ron Loewe: In the Name of El Pueblo: Place, Community, and the Politics of History in Yucatán, by Paul K. Eiss

Marilyn A. Masson: Ancestral Maya Economies in Archaeological Perspective, by Patricia A. McAnany

Cynthia Robin: Dwelling, Identity, and the Maya: Relational Archaeology at Chunchucmil, by Scott R. Hutson

Wendy Bustard: Living Histories: Native Americans and Southwestern Archaeology,Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh

Thomas R. Rocek: Engendering Households in the Prehistoric Southwest, Barbara J. Roth, ed.

Joseph P. Sanchez: Traces of Fremont: Society and Rock Art in Ancient Utah, by Steven R. Simms, with photographs by François Gohier

Joe Watkins: Pox, Empire, Shackles, and Hides: The Townsend Site, 1670–1715, by Jon Bernard Marcoux

Mark A. Rees: Mississippian Polity and Politics on the Gulf Coastal Plain: A View from the Pearl River, Mississippi, by Patrick C. Livingood

Department of Anthropology