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MOVE CURSOR OVER ANSWERS: DO NOT CLICK MOUSE
1. Immediate responses to exercise are termed?
A. Chronic adaptations
B. Training changes
C. Acute responses
D. Component shifts
2. What does morphology best describe?
A. Neurology
B. Pulomonary physiology
C. Biology
D. Anatomy
3. What organization hosted the first Exercise Science conference?
A. ACSM
B. NSCA
C. IDEA
D. ASEP
4. What type of research has a strong medical application?
A. Applied
B. Basic
C. Clinical
D. Pure
5. This condition is a constant, unchanging internal environment at rest.
A. Steady state
B. Positive feedback
C. Homeostasis
D. Negative feedback
6. Most biological control systems in the body are termed?
A. Steady state responses
B. Positive feedback responses
C. Homeostasis responses
D. Negative feedback responses
7. The sarcolemma is where on the muscle fiber?
A. Below the epimysium
B. Above the epimysium
C. In the sarcoplasm
D. Below the endomysium
8. Rapid change in membrane potential conducted along the membrane?
A. Action potential
B. Synapse
C. Nerve rececptors
D. Neurotransmitter
9. The continued actin and myosin binding is called?
A. Tetanus
B. Contraction cycling
C. Summation
D. Acto-myosin straining
10. An increase in muscle fiber number (from longitudinal splitting) is termed?
A. Hypertrophy
B. Hyperemia
C. Hyperplasia
D. Atrophy
11. Structure transporting the depolarization from sarcolemma to inside of cell?
A. Sarcoplasmic reticulum
B. Transverse tubules
C. Axon
D. Motor end plane
12. Acetylcholine is released across the neuromuscular junction to what structure?
A.Transverse tubules
B. Terminal cisternae
C. Motor end plate
D. M Line
13. Faster contraction of fast twitch fibers may be partially explained due to?
A. More transverse tubules
B. Thicker sarcolemma
C. Different myosin ATPase enzymes
D. More acetylcholine present
14. Voluntary part of nervous system that innervates muscle.
A. Autonomic
B. Somatic
C. Neuroendrocrine
D. Receptor
15. The motor end plate on muscle is what anatomical structure (folded).
A. Endomysium
B. Epimysium
C. Perimysium
D. Sarcolemma
16. Enzyme that catylizes the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and Pi.
A. Creatine kinase
B. ATPase
C. Myokinase
D. Hexokinase
17. An increase in muscle fiber size is termed.
A. Hyperplasia
B. Hypertrophy
C. Hyperemia
D. Atrophy
18. As exercise intensity increases, the recruitment order of motor units is:
A. Type I, Type IIa, Type IIx
B. Type IIx, Type I, Type IIa
C. Type IIa, Type IIx, Type I
D. Only Type I motor units are recruited during exercise
19. Additional strength gains as a result of training are mainly due to:
A. Hyperplasia
B. Capillary density
C. Hypertrophy
D. Fiber type changes
20. What is the correct structural division order of muscle?
A. Muscle, myofibril, muscle fiber, fasciculus, myofilaments
B. Muscle, fasciculus, myofibril, muscle fiber, myofilaments
C. Muscle, muscle fiber, fasciculus, myofilaments, myofibril
D.Muscle, fasciculus, muscle fiber, myofibril, myofilaments
21. The vasodilation known as the ‘PUMP’ in resistance training is called?
A. Hyperplasia
B. Hyperemia
C. Hypertrophy
D. Atrophy
22. Calcium ions bind to WHICH protein during muscle contraction?
A. Tropomyosin
B. Actin
C. Myosin
D. Troponin
23. Which muscle fibers are termed fatigue resistant?
A. Fast glycolytic
B. Fast oxidative glycolytic
C. Slow oxidative
D. Type IIb
24. The receptor that is sensitive to tension?
A. Muscle spindle
B. Chemoreceptor
C. Golgi tendon organ
D. Thermoreceptor
25. The muscle spindle is sensitive to?
A. Static changes in contractility
B. Stretch and speed of stretch
C. Both A & B
D. None of the above
Complete!
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