Ex Phys Home
1. Immediate responses to exercise are termed?
A. Chronic adaptations
B. Training changes
C. Acute responses
D. Component shifts
2. What does morphology best describe?
A. Neurology
B. Pulomonary physiology
C. Biology
D. Anatomy
3. What organization hosted the first Exercise Science conference?
4. What type of research has a strong medical application?
A. Applied
B. Basic
C. Clinical
D. Pure
5. This condition is a constant, unchanging internal environment at rest.
A. Steady state
B. Positive feedback
C. Homeostasis
D. Negative feedback
6. Most biological control systems in the body are termed?
A. Steady state responses
B. Positive feedback responses
C. Homeostasis responses
D. Negative feedback responses
7. The sarcolemma is where on the muscle fiber?
A. Below the epimysium
B. Above the epimysium
C. In the sarcoplasm
D. Below the endomysium
8. Rapid change in membrane potential conducted along the membrane?
A. Action potential
B. Synapse
C. Nerve rececptors
D. Neurotransmitter
9. The continued actin and myosin binding is called?
A. Tetanus
B. Contraction cycling
C. Summation
D. Acto-myosin straining
10. An increase in muscle fiber number (from longitudinal splitting) is termed?
A. Hypertrophy
B. Hyperemia
C. Hyperplasia
D. Atrophy
11. Structure transporting the depolarization from sarcolemma to inside of cell?
A. Sarcoplasmic reticulum
B. Transverse tubules
C. Axon
D. Motor end plane
12. Acetylcholine is released across the neuromuscular junction to what structure?
A.Transverse tubules
B. Terminal cisternae
C. Motor end plate
D. M Line
13. Hydrolysis of a molecule means the splitting is done my what?
A. An enzyme
B. A coenzyme
C. Water
D. A free radical
14. Voluntary part of nervous system that innervates muscle.
A. Autonomic
B. Somatic
C. Neuroendrocrine
D. Receptor
15. The motor end plate on muscle is what anatomical structure (folded).
A. Endomysium
B. Epimysium
C. Perimysium
D. Sarcolemma
16. Enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and Pi.
A. Creatine kinase
B. ATPase
C. Myokinase
D. Hexokinase
17. An increase in muscle fiber size is termed.
A. Hyperplasia
B. Hypertrophy
C. Hyperemia
D. Atrophy
18. As exercise intensity increases, the recruitment order of motor units is:
A. Type I, Type IIa, Type IIx
B. Type IIx, Type I, Type IIa
C. Type IIa, Type IIx, Type I
D. Only Type I motor units are recruited during exercise
19. Additional strength gains as a result of training are mainly due to:
A. Hyperplasia
B. Capillary density
C. Hypertrophy
D. Fiber type changes
20. What is the correct structural division order of muscle?
A. Muscle, myofibril, muscle fiber, fasciculus, myofilaments
B. Muscle, fasciculus, myofibril, muscle fiber, myofilaments
C. Muscle, muscle fiber, fasciculus, myofilaments, myofibril
D.Muscle, fasciculus, muscle fiber, myofibril, myofilaments
21. The vasodilation known as the ‘PUMP’ in resistance training is called?
A. Hyperplasia
B. Hyperemia
C. Hypertrophy
D. Atrophy
22. Something that CAUSES or PROVOKES ill health is referred to as what?
A. Sickness
B. Health Factor
C. Disease
D. Risk Factor
23. Which muscle fibers are termed fatigue resistant?
A. Fast glycolytic (Type IIx)
B. Fast oxidative glycolytic (Type IIa)
C. Slow oxidative (Type I)
D. All of the above
24. The specific proprioceptor that is sensitive to tension?
A. Muscle spindle
B. Chemoreceptor
C. Golgi tendon organ
D. Thermoreceptor
25. The muscle spindle is specifically sensitive to?
A. Static changes in contractility
B. Stretch and speed of stretch
C. Both A & B
D. None of the above
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